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Woman's Work 








Advance 187 

Africa— Missionaries in 195 

Letters from 66, 209 

Paragraphs on 2, 32, 173 

Notes on 2, 169,173,193, 194 

Visiting the Dwarfs 195 

Thirsty Women ami Girls 196 

Every Day Life 200 

Interested Tribes 202 

Experiences with Sick and Well 203 

A Warning and an Example 204 

Medical tfeeds 205 

Drumming up Pupils 206 

Hopeful News from Elat 207 

An Example op Faithfulness 92 

Angels' Talk 177 

Annual Meetings 135, 138, 139, 140, 141, 164, 165 

Bahaism, Review 21 

Note on 50 

Books received 184 

Noticed 98, 112 

Book Reviews— A Rainbow in the Rain 21 

Bahaism 21 

Notable Women of Modern China 22 

Life of Dr. J. R. Miller 64 

New Thrills in Old China 116, 180 

The King's Business 179 

Suggestions to Leaders 1H0 

The Modern Call of Missions 182 

Human Progress through Missions 182 

A Muslim Sir Galahad 182 

Inside Views of Mission Life 183 

World Work of Presbyterian Church in the United 

States 184 

Three Men on a Chinese Houseboat 184 

Thinking Black 228 

Central Committee's Foreign Missions Dat at 

General Assembly 155 

Ciianges in the Missionary Force 21, 44, 64, 93, 

112, 134, 163, 188, 208, 230, 250, 284 

China— Missionaries in 3 

Letters from 66, 89, 113, 136, 160, 281 

Paragraphs on. .3, 12, 60. !78, 184, 194, 21K, 229, 230, 242 

Notes on 1, 2, 26, 121, 122, 145, 146, 169, 266 

Religious Significance of the Chinese Revolution. . 4 

Through Suffering to Peace 6 

Pity the Blind 7 

Fate of the Blind Girl in China 8 

A World Wide Parish 10 

Dedication Day 12 

Steps Forward in Hainan 13 

Paotingf'u Patients 13 

"Refugeeing" 14 

Institute for the Denf and Dumb 16 

From What Base Uses 64 

At the Language School of Nanking University. . . 83 

How Dr. Latimer Helped 130 

At Nanking University 134 

Those Poor Little Boys 154 

China Campaign, Some Reasons for 15 

China Campaign 19,92, 161 

Chinese in the United States — 

The Ministry of the Chinese Mission Home. . 

The Orient in the Occident 

Are the Chinese (irateful ? 

An Outcrop of Christianity 

A Last Message 

Christianity and the Defeated Turks 

Colorado Synodk al Society 

Conferences 69, 97, 116, 121, 174, 237 

Co-operation in Missionary Education , 

Devotional in Our Meetings, Tre 

Does It Pay ? 

Editorial Notes- Kurloughed Missionaries ... 

Americans in Manila 

Noon Meetings at 156 

The Moslem Propaganda 


Recognition of the Drama 

The Turkish Empire 

Statistics of Missionary Progress 

Financial Administration of Woman's Work. 









The Woman's Evangel 121 

Giving Credit on Quoted Paragraphs 122 

The World in Chicago 122 

Central Committee 145 

Total gifts from Women's Boards 145 

The Spirit of Missions 145 

A Devoted Giver 145 

StUitnan Truth 146 

Orders for Lite- ature 169 

Mission to Lepers 146, 170 

Progiess 19:} 

Kennedy School of Missions 193 

Bible Society 193, 266 

Canadian Women 194 

New Recruits 241 

"Adopted" Missionary 241 

Buddha's Birthday 242 

Missionary Review of the World 242 

Judson Commemoration 265 

United Missionary Campaign 266 

Editor's Letter "To Our Missionaries" 11 

Everyland 20, 26, 265 

Guatemala, Missionaries in 243 

Paragraphs 011 258 

Notes on 50,218, 241 

Back in the Harness ' 255 

Illustrations : 

Africa: Young Negroes at Livingstone's Grave in 
Westminster Abbey, 55; Livingstone's Last Jour- 
ney, 56: African School-girls. 197; Christian Head- 
man, 201; Giving Surgical Treatment, 205; Zamo 
Ntem, 207. China: Dr. Merwin with Evangelists 
and Nurses, 6; Girls' School at Lienchou, 8; Mrs. 
James B. Cochran, 9; Hospital and Compound at 
Tengchou, 12: Red Cross Workers. Students and 
Nur.-es, Peking, 14; The Little Church on the 
Mountain, 128; Dr. Nan Latimer, 130; Leaning 
Pagoda at Soochow, 158: Miss C. Hawes and 
Helpers, 181; Language School Relaxing from the 
Study of Chinese, 134. India: Dr. Ewing and Dr. 
Lucas, 17; Delhi, India's New Capital, 77; Three 
Stages in the Life of an Indian Widow, 78, 79; 
Tent Under the Thorn-Tree, 85; Christian Young 
Men of Kennedy Hall, 87; Texts on Allahabad 
Church, 87; Laxmibai and Her Daughter, 152; 
Allahabad Wedding Parties, 174; Mrs. A. L Wiley, 
252. Korea: Piusie and Her Old Mother, 30; First 
Ward of Fusan Hospital, 31; Workers' Class, 
Pyeng Yang, 33; Watermark Bridge at Seoul. 37: 
Street Vender with Load of Crocks, 38; The 
Woman's Daily Task, 40; A Fashionable Lady in 
Korea, 183. Japan: Mrs. T. C. Winn. 34; New 
Chapel at Port Arthur, 53; Science and Sewing 
Rooms at Hokusei Jo Gakko, 61; The Samisen, 63. 
Mexico: Glimpses of Revolution, Street Scene, 248; 
U. S. Embassy During Bombardment, 249; Tower 
of Police Station, 249. Persia: Mrs, Wilson and 
Miss Grove with Lepers, 272; Tomb of Esther and 
Mordecai, 268; Arpadara, the Leper Village, 272. 
Philippines: Bradford Memorial Chapel,l220, Manila 
During the Rainy Season, 223; Peuitentes, 224, 225; 
Ellinwood School for Girls. 226. Siam and Laos: 
At Mission Meeting, 102; Kru Soon See with His 
Family, 104; Yaw Women, 108; Group of Miaos, 
108; New Church at Sritamarat, 110; Lao Girl, 111; 
King Maharijivawndh, 112. South America: Volcan 
Tronador, 245; Street in Valparaiso, 246; Four 
Young Men Impersonating Famous Characters, 
258. Syria: Group of Patients at Lebanon Sana- 
torium, 276: Mrs.Nicoland Her Moslem Boys, 280; 
An Arab Salutation, 279. United States: Kinder- 
garten Pupils in Mott Street, New York, 123; Mrs. 
E. A. Sturge and Japanese Ladies, 126; (ilimpse 
of Chinatown, san Francisco, 133; Miss Margaret 
E. Hodge, 147; Mrs. John Balcom Shaw, 148; Mrs. 
C. R. Hopkins, 149; Mrs. II. B I'inney, 150; Mrs. 
S. D. Luckett, 159; Outgoing Women Missionaries, 
June, 1913, 171; Mrs. Henry R. Elliot, 199. 

India -Missionaries in 75 

Letters from 89, 113, 136, 185, 233 

Paragraphs on 80, 87, 101, 207 

Notes on 2,26,50,74,140,193, 217 

How Dr. Ewing Worked, Died and was Honored. . 17 

Wireless S. O. S. of India's Women 75 

By the Wayside and in the Home 78 

Between Stations 80 

Indian Highways for the Gospel 81 

Dining Out at Sarawan 84 

Unreached Classes in India 86 

Teaohing at Lahore 86 



Joy Days in the Villages 

Nursing Department of Miraj Hospital 

School and Village Work 

Life Story of Laxmibai 

What the Intellect of India Eeads 

New Building at Jagraon 

International Review op Missions 

Items of the Summer Schedule 

Japan — Missionaries in 

Letters from 18, 66, 93, 113, 209, 233, 

Paragraph on 

Notes on 26, 49, 73, 146, 

Mrs. Winn of the Japan Mission 

A Gentle Lady 

What Japanese Christian Women are Doing in 

The New Chapel at Port Arthur 

Hokkaido Work and Workers 

Y. W. C. A. in Japan 

Imperial Funeral 

Japanese in the United States 

Korea— Missionaries in 

Letters from 18. 41, 113, 

Paragraphs on 40. 109, 173, 

Notes on 121, 169, 173, 

Tribulation in Korea 

Giving and Getting Joy 

Korean General Assembly 

Systematic Seed Sowing 

A Post Wedding Journey 

A Gleam of Christmas Joy for Anxious Hearts 

Laos— Missionaries in 

Notes on 97, 98, 

Letter from 

Customs and Superstitions in Nan Province 

Education in Laos 

Chinese in Laos and Laos in China 

Accessions in the North Laos Mission 

Livingstone, Note 

Doctor David 

Methods Which Bring Results 

Mexico— Missionaries in 

Letter from 

Notes on 73, 170, 217, 

Work Goes on in Mexico 

With the Boys in Mexico 

In Time of Storm and Stress 

Revolution Seen from the Housetop 

Silver Linings 

Minister and Women's Societies in Co-operation, 


Missionary Candidates at Work 

Missionary Education Literature 

Missionaries, Letter to 

Missionary and Work for Women, The 244, 

Mystery of the Spirit's Power 


Notes from Headquarters. .. .22, 45, 69, 93, 143, 166, 

189, 213, 237, 261, 

Notices 62, 68, 92, 117, 284, 

Obituary Notes and Articles— Necrology of 1912. . 

Mrs. James B. Cochran 

Mrs. J. P. E. Kumler 

Mrs. Henry Forman 

Mrs. S. A. Moffett 

Mrs. J. M. W. Farnham 

Dr. A. H. Ewing 

Rev. H. B, Pratt 

Dr. Nan M. Latimer 

Mrs. W. H. Clark 

William Borden 

Miss Isabelle Teete 122. 

Dr. F. J. Hall 

Mr. L. H. Severance 

Mrs. L. J. Beebe 

Mrs. T. C. Winn 

Mrs. A. L. Wiley 193, 

Miss M. J, Morrow 

One Year's Stewardshd? 212, 235, 

Opening the Letters 

Organ Offered 

Over Sea and Land 19, 68, 93, 142, 189. 213, 261, 

Our Editor 

Our Successors and Our Opportunities 











Persia— Missionaries in 267 

Letters from 89, 113, 160 

Paragraphs on 39,231, 277 

Notes on 2, 50 

Happenings at Hamadan 39 

Grateful Remembrance 62 

Memories of Pioneer Days 267 

Some Wise Men of the East 268 

School Life in Persia 269 

A Living Epistle 280 

Without the Camp 272 

Personal Notes-2, 25, 26, 49, 50, 73, 74, 98, 104, 122, 

145, 146, 159, 170, 194, 217, 218, 241, 242, 265, 266 

Philippines— Missionaries in 219 

Paragraphs on 225, 331 

Notes on 74, 217 

The Year's Doings in the Philippine Mission 219 

Entrance of the Word at Laguna 222 

Holy Week in Manila 224 

Cheerful Workers on Luzon 226 

A Humming Hive at Dumaguete 231 

Chinese Call for Prayer in the Philippines 232 

Progress and Prospects 117 

Public Acknowledgment 36 

Publicity — Why? 91 

Siam— Missionaries in 99 

Letters from 41,209,233, 259 

Paragraph on 125 

The Land of the White Elephant 103 

Making Calls 108 

New Church at Sritainarat 110 

Royal and Other Folk Ill 

Social Side of Mission Study, The 260 

S. O. F, M., The 211 

South America — Missionaries in 243 

Letters from 18, 160, 185, 233, 25!) 

Paragraph on 249 

Illustrative Incidents 256 

Summer Schools 91, 188, 189, 212, 236 

Syria— Missionaries in 267 

Letters from 41, 136 

Paragraphs on 32, 159, 272, 277, 278 

Note on 2 

Twenty-four Invitations to What? 131 

War and White Plague in Syria 296 

Women's Share in Syria. 278 

Voice of the Third Generation 279 

Mrs. Nicol's Home Letters 280 

Things Heard and Seen at Atlanta 156 

Torrance, Mrs. A, A., letter from 44 

Touch of a Vanished Hand, The 60 

Treasurer's Reports 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144, 168, 

192, 216, 240, 264, 288 

United Day of Prayer 19 

United Report of Women's Boards 212 

United Study of Missions: Committee 21 

China's New Day 19, 43 

The King's Business 92, 211, 235, 260, 283 

Verse— In Remembrance 37 

Livingstone 58 

Resurrection 75 

The Conquerors 81 

Their Request 99 

Open Gates 125 

The King's Highway 152 

A Cry as of Pain (with music) 176 

Let Down Your Nets 198 

Less or More? 221 

The Magi and the Star iv 

nis Birthday iv 

We Took Sweet Counsel Together 187 

Why One Wife? 45 

Who's Who in Novembbr Number 243 

With Presbyterian Young People— On the Wing, 
42: Programmes for C. E. Meetings. 42; Westmin- 
ster Guild, 65, 90, 137, 234, 282; Student Work, 65, 
137, 282; Progressive Missionary Tea, 114; Mis- 
sionary Dramatics, 114, 137; Wellesley Volunteers, 
114; Raising Money, 114; Y, W, C. A. Conference, 
137; The Student and Her Church, 186; How we 
Help Our Missionaries, 186; Work in "We Do" 
City, 210; Young Women's Camp at Boulder, Col., 
210; A Good Idea, 234; Missionary Exchange, 234; 
The Meaning of Christmas, 257; A Remarkable 
Advertisement, 258; The Ballad of the Saint, 282. 


A Foreign Missions Magazine 

Published by the Women's Boards op Foreign Missions op the Pre9btterian Church. Mrs. Henry R. Elliot, Editor 

Vol. XX VIII. DECEMBER, 1913 No. 12. 

One Year's Stewardship is just re- 
ceived fresh from the press. It is a com- 
pact volume of 215 pages, in stiff paper 
covers, well printed on good paper, and 
illuminated with many illustrations and 
maps. The volume contains the stirring 
chronicle of the work done by our six 
Hoards in one year. A colored map 
shows the territory of each Board ; lists 
of the officers and missionaries of each 
Board are given, and much fresh and 
valuable information. The book was 
prepared by Miss Ellen C. Parsons and 
issued by the Central Committee. We 
hope to give an extended review of it in 
our January number. 

We are fortunate in having Mrs S. G. 
Wilson's poem, The Magi and the Star, 
for the readers of our Christinas number. 
It was written expressly, by request, for 
Woman's Work, and Mrs. Wilson says, 
"I have often rejoiced that the story of the 
Magi is an introduction to the Gospel for 
the Persians. I have loved to tell it, for it 
seemed to take away the reproach cast 
upon us of insolent intrusion, as if we 
came with ovr religion to supplant theirs. 
But this story shows they have first 
right of all the Gentile world to claim 
Christ, since their Magi were the first to 
recognize Him. It makes a wonderful 
appeal to them. " 

After the pages of our November 
number w ere all in type one of them was 
withdraw n from the press to print on it 
the simple line of announcement, just 
received by cable, of the death of Miss 
Margaret J. Morrow of the North India 
Mission. Many hearts here and across 
the sea were saddened by this tidings, 
but we should rather rejoice as we remem- 
ber the twenty-three years of lavish, 
abounding, self-forgetful services, the 

visible manifestation of what the con- 
straining love of Christ can do with one 
frail woman's life, and realize that she is 
now beyond all the heart-ache and sor- 
row, "forever with the Lord." 

Rev. Dr. Arthur J. Brown sailed on 
November first for The Hague, Holland, 
where he will attend the annual meeting 
of the Continuation Committee of the 
Edinburgh Conference. 

Dr. Mary P. Eddy writes from Wies- 
baden, Germany, where she has been 
compelled to go for treatment of her 
eyes, which had been giving her much 
trouble. Writing in mid-October Dr. 
Eddy was on the eve of returning to 
Syria, but in her lamentations over hav- 
ing had to leave her work she omitted to 
mention whether her eyes had improved ! 
But as she is allowed to go back we may 
hope for the best. 

One hundred years ago Adoniram 
and Ann Hasseltine Judson landed in 
Burmah to begin their pioneer mission 
work there, little dreaming that a cen- 
tury later four continents would unite to 
honor the memory of their valor and devo- 
tion. Though they started as Congrega- 
tionalists under the American Board, on 
the long voyage the young couple decided 
that their sincere convictions were those of 
the Baptist Church, and it was not the 
least proof of their consecrated courage that 
they promptly informed their supporters 
of this change. So it is to the Baptists 
that the glory belongs which is reflected 
from their lives of heroic endurance and 
achievement. That church is planning 
a six-months' educational campaign, be- 
ginning in January, to make Christians 
everywhere and of every name familiar 
with the chronicle of what the Judsons 
were and did. On thetabletinthecemetery 



Dec. ; 

at Maiden, Mass., is inscribed: "In 
Memoriam Rev. Adoniram Judson. Born 
August 9, 1788. Died April 12, 1850. 
Maiden his birthplace. The ocean his 
sepulchre. Converted Burmans and the 
Burman Bible his monument. His rec- 
ord is on high." There too is the no 
less shining record of the fair young girl 
of twenty-one who for his sake and that 
of her high calling, faced tropical tempest 
and disease, savage persecution and 
cruelty with unflinching resolution, and 
left a memory which Christian women all 
over the world will always cherish. 

Christians of the United States and 
Canada are urged to join in earnest 
prayer for God's presence and help in 
the great work undertaken by the home 
and foreign mission leaders in the United 
Missionary Campaign. The object of 
the Campaign is to enlist a far larger 
number of church members as intelligent 
missionary workers, supporters and in- 
tercessors. During the winter broad ed- 
ucational plans will be instituted and 
many two-day conferences held with effec- 
tive speakers, to prepare for a simul- 
taneous personal canvass in March, when 
it is hoped to enlist many of the more 
than half of the twenty million Protestant 
church members who are doing nothing 
to meet missionary needs at home and 

Dr. Edna E. Orcutt reports that in 
each house which she has entered profes- 
sionally she has made friends and gained 
larger opportunities to tell of the Great 
Physician. She works under difficulties 
without a hospital. Called to the one- 
room house of a Moslem on a bitter cold 
dav, she found the patient surrounded by 
thirty-five women, all of whom were talk- 
ing and also smoking. She first re- 
quested thirty of the women to depart, 
keeping five to help her. She then bor- 
rowed a stove, as the patient w as suffering 
from the cold, and only after hours of 
preparation was able to proceed with the 
serious operation required. 

Dav Chawkord's lectures at the Union 
Theological Seminary have given to 

many a welcome opportunity to hear 
this stirring voice from Africa, which 
says so many arresting things that one 
longs to quote. "You must speak to 
the African, he can not read the words 
which, as he says, you 'imprison on 
paper. ' We can learn from him that we 
must use or lose our memories. He has 
no note-book, therefore a marvelous 
memory. The missionary, coming to 
preach in a certain place, was astonished 
to hear his audience repeat like a gramo- 
phone the sermon he had preached to 
them ten years before!" " Heaven is 
beyond the stars, ' says the missionary. 
'Yes,' says the African, 'the stars are 
the lights that He leaves burning along 
the road to His city.'" 

A year or so ago the Christians of 
Yihsien field were exhorted to give up 
smoking and drinking. Some time 
later Elder Chiang and his helpers 
made a circuit through the field and 
returned with a bag full of curios, such 
as pipes, wine-jars, idols, etc., which 
had been donated to them by the owners. 

Agents of the Bible Society think 
that thus far the disturbances in China 
have conduced to the furtherance of the 
Gospel. Although their issue for the 
present year will reach two millions of 
Bibles, Testaments and portions of the 
Scripture, yet they have been unable 
to supply all that were called for. 

Mrs. C. N. Magill has had a large 
family, eleven boys and girls having 
been taken into her home at Lucena, 
P. I., in order to make it possible for 
them to attend school. 

Mrs. J. K. McCaueey says that al- 
ready hundreds of the cards sent her, 
bearing a Scripture message, are in the 
hands of people in factories, hospitals 
and elsewhere all over Japan. 

Rev. Hit. J. L. Potter tells us that 
the Persian scribe who was helping him 
in the translation he was making of a 
little booklet on "Prayer" was so much 
impressed with the truths presented that 
he took his daily notes home to read to 
his family. 


Our Missionaries in Moslem Lands 


Direct mail for West Persia, via Berlin and Tabriz; for East Persia, via Berlin and Baku. 

Mrs. E. T. Allen, 
Mrs. J. P. Cochran, 
Miss Edith D. Lamme, 
Miss Mary E. Lewis, 
Mrs. H. A. Midler, M.D., 
Miss Lenore R. Schoebel, 
Mrs. W. A. Shedd, 
Mrs. C. C. Sterrett, 
Miss Lillie B. Beaber, 
Miss Helen T. Grove, 
Miss Grettie Y. Holliday, 
Mrs. R, M. Labaree, 
Mrs. C. W. Lamme, 



Urumia. Dr. Edna E. Orcutt, Tabriz. Dr. Mary D. Allen, 

" Mrs. C. R. Pittman, " Mrs. J. A. Funk, 

" Miss Helen M. Shaw, " Mrs. J. W. Hawkes, " 

" Mrs. L. C. Van Hook, " Miss Annie Montgomery. " 

" Mrs. W. S. Vanneman, " Mrs. E. T. Lawrence, M.D., Kazvin. 

" Miss Bessie Allen, Teheran. Mrs. C. R. Murray, Reslu. 

" Mrs. E. K. DeWitt, " Miss Grace J. Murray, " 

" Mrs. C. A. Douglas, " Mrs. H. C. Schuler, " 

Tabriz. Miss Mary Gardner, " Mrs. F. M. Stead, Kermanshah. 

" Mrs. S. M. Jordan, " Mrs. G.W. McDowell, Ashitha, Turkey. 

" Dr. Mary J. Smith, " Unassigned: Miss Nellie Camp, Miss 

" Dr. Myra Sutherland, " Emma L. Campbell, Miss Alice 0. En- 

" Mrs. C. H. Allen, Hamadan. sign, Miss Florence E, Murray, 
In this country: Mrs. F. G. Coan, 2114 Ridgewood Ave., Minneapolis, Minn.; Mrs. L. F. Esselstyn, 208 Maple St., 

Lansing, Mich.; Miss Ada C. Holmes Franklinvllle, N. Y.; Mrs. H P. Packard, 1311 E. 12th Ave., Denver, Col,; Miss 
Annie Stocking, Williamstown, Mass.j Miss M. K. Van Duzee, Lancaster, N. Y,; Mrs. S. G. Wilson, Indiana, Pa. 


Address, except for Tripoli and Hums, " Care American Press, Beirut, Syria, via London and Brindisi." 

Mrs. C. A. Dana, 
Dr. Mary P. Eddy, 
Mrs. O. J. Hardin, 
Miss Ottora M. Home, 
Mrs. F. E. Hoskins, 
Mrs. F. W. March, 
Miss Emilia Thomson, 
Miss Rachel E. Tolles, 

Beirut. Mrs. C. V. A. Van Dyck, 
Mrs. Paul Erdman, 
Miss Charlotte Brown, 
Miss Dora Eddy, 
Mrs. S. D. Jessup, 
Miss Evelina Craven, 
Dr. Ara E. Harris, 
Mrs, Ira Harris, 



Miss Harriet N. La Grange, Tripoli, 
Miss Amy G. March, 
Mrs. J. H. Nicol, 

Mrs. W. S. Nelson, " 

Unatsigned: Mrs. Arthur B. Fowler, 
Mrs, Geo. H. Scherer, 

In thiscountry : Mrs. Geo. C, Doolittle, Oberlin, O. ; Miss Bernice Hunting, 548 N. Buxton St„ Indianola, la. 

Memories of Pioneer Days 

I have been writing an obituary notice 
of Mr, Easton, who founded the station 
at Tabriz and who, had he lived ten days 
longer, would have celebrated the fortieth 
anniversary of that event. The memo- 
rial service fell upon the fortieth anni- 
versary of the arrival of a tired little band 
from Urumia, consisting of Rev. and Mrs. 
P. Z. Easton, Miss Mary Jewett, and a 
couple of Nestorian assistants, accom- 
panied by the usual number that goes to 
make up a caravan. The following day, 
October first, 1873, they observed as a 
day of fasting and prayer for God's 
blessing on the new work to which they 
had been sent apart. The Moslems of 
Tabriz were called the most fanatical in 
all Persia and in less than five months a 
persecution broke out, for a deep interest 
in the presentation of the Gospel had 
been aroused which attracted the atten- 
tion of the ecclesiastics, and a mob 
assembled at the residence of the mission- 
aries, men were dragged through the 
streets and beaten, one dying a few days 
afterwards from the effect of his injuries 
and one baptized priest imprisoned and 
condemned to death, though afterwards 
released through the efforts of Mr. Easton. 

Persecution continued off and on for 

some years. I came out in 1876 and 
well remember one day the next year 
when a congregation of a hundred and 
twenty or more was assembled, and at 
the close of service found officers at the 
gate who arrested eighteen. Some pushed 
on and out escaping the soldiers, others 
rushed back into the inner rooms of the 
premises, filling nooks and corners, and 
covering their faces with their cloaks as 
they sped across the court. The back 
entrance was also guarded but we quickly 
discovered that and no one tried to leave 
that way, though eventually all who had 
remained in the house escaped by that 
door, for the guards, seeing that no one 
went out through it, abandoned their 
post and that street was left clear, soldiers 
remaining at the front entrance for several 

After forty years, Mr. Pittman on a 
tour this fall was able to do street preach- 
ing without being insulted or having 
stones thrown at him. One man expressed 
his difference of views by mildly remark- 
ing, when he was asked in regard to the 
road, "These men have come to show us 
the way to heaven and they do not know 
the way to Tabriz!" 

During the first year I was in Tabriz 




I taught a few pupils; there were two 
Nestorians, two Armenians and one Mos- 
lem. The little Moslem boy could not 
carry his books through the streets for 
the bundle would be opened and he beaten 
for having Christian books in his posses- 
sion. Now, not only have Moslem young 
men graduated from the Memorial School 
but Moslem girls are in the Girls' School, 
and I am now teaching a Sunday-school 
class of more than twenty Moslem boys. 

Incidents of pioneer days, the story of 
the life and death of the martyred Mirza 
Ibraheem, and signs of progress were 
presented at a meeting held October first 
to commemorate founders' day, and then 
we sat down to a picnic supper with the 
band of newly arrived reinforcements as 
our guests. The presence of the young 
missionaries together with that of Mr. 
Labaree and family, who have been trans- 
ferred to Tabriz from Urumia, in con- 
nection with this review of the past 
history of the station has given us a new 

Photo, by Mrs. L. C. Van Hook. 

impetus and an earnest desire that the 
next forty years tell far more for the 
advancement of the kingdom of God than 
the past has done. 

( Mrs. ) Loretta C. Van Hook. 

Some Wise Men of the East 

On my way to Hamadan to attend 
the Annual Meeting of our mission, be- 
tween Meshed and the frontier of Rus- 
sian Turkistan I sold two hundred and 
thirty-seven volumes of Scriptures in 
Persian and Russian. . . . One man 
bought a book, tore it to bits, threw 
it on the ground and cursed it. The 
same afternoon a sayid (descendant of 
Mohammed), to whom I had sold a 
Persian Testament, said to me: "The 
books you have sold will have such 
effect that in two years you will not be 
able to supply the demand." 

One day a Persian grandee of high 
standing, about sixty-five years of age, 
with whom I have exchanged visits 
many times, sent word that he wanted 
to come to my house. He came ac- 
cording to appointment and brought 
his Bible with him. We spent more 
than three hours in earnest conversa- 
tion and Bible study. He is constantly 
reading the Bible and I believe his mind 
is as open to conviction as one could 

expect of a rich man highly exalted 
among his own people, saturated with 
the traditions and beliefs of Islam and 
having inherited the accumulated in- 
fluence of generations of strict Moham- 
medan forefathers. 

Another man of social rank and age 
similar to the one just mentioned, in- 
vited me to his house. I found him 
sitting on a costly rug in a well furn- 
ished room, with his Bible open before 
him. We spent the whole afternoon in 
Bible study. His Bible was marked in 
many places and he asked many ques- 
tions. He was in no wise antagonistic 
but his whole attitude was that of a 
man wanting to know what the Bible 
really means. He insisted that we 
ought to have a reference Bible in Per- 
sian. He is constantly studying God's 
Word and has bought several copies 
and presented them to his friends be^ 
sides sending several men to me who 
have bought Bibles. . . . Our sales 
to pilgrims are continuous, and when 




one bears in mind that one hundred 
thousand pilgrims visit the shrine of 
Emam Riza every year, one sees again 
the unique opportunity which our posi- 
tion gives us for distributing Scrip- 
tures to every part of the Shia Moslem 
world. . . . The offering of a book for 

sale at once produces conversation and 
people will listen to the explanation of 
the Book, whereas they are not nearly 
so ready to listen when the Gospel mes- 
sage is not based on the offering of a 
book for sale. 
Meshed, ( Rev. ) L. F. Esselstyn. 

School Life in Persia 

Our course covers twelve years and 
only a very unusual girl can complete 
it before she is eighteen. According to 
Persian standards eighteen is very old 
for a girl to remain unmarried ; to wait 
till she is sixteen damages her chances, 
thirteen and fourteen are still popular 
ages and thousands of girls are being 
married at ten and twelve. To extend 
our course to cover a longer period of 
time is out of the question. Our prob- 
lem is: How can we adapt our present 
course best to meet the needs of girls in 
Persia? How can we make the most of 
the few years they are with us? How 
•can we influence them most deeply and 
definitely for Jesiw Christ? 

The greatest academic event of the 
year was the exercises of our seventh 
graduating class in May. As there 
had been no class to graduate last year, 
the occasion was of great interest to 
the whole community. The class con- 
sisted of three Armenian and two Per- 
sian girls, the latter Moslems. . . . The 
Persian girls were not willing te* speak 
before a mixed audience even though we 
encouraged them to wear their veils 
during the exercises. According to 
Moslem customs not only should the 
face of women be veiled but her voice 
should not be heard outside her own 
household. We were disappointed, dis- 
tressed and disgusted at the extreme 
conservative position taken by these 
girls and their friends. We wanted 
people to know that Persian girls are 
as capable in every way as other girls. 
But we were entirely unwilling to in- 
sist on their doing anything that would 
be considered improper or immodest by 
their own people. So, as for the last 

class, we had commencement two days, 
printing on the invitation for the first 
day "Thursday afternoon for Persian 
ladies only." On that afternoon we 
went through the entire programme 
with some abbreviations. The Persian 
essays were given in full, but only a 
page or two of the Armenian and Eng- 
lish essays were given as the audience 
could not understand them. The church 
was beautifully trimmed with snowballs 
and pink roses. Six Persian girls, 
dressed in white and carrying batons 
with rose ribbons, ushered with a 
dignity and grace that American girls 
might envy. It was a great sight to 
see the church packed full of women 
and girls and the order was nearly 
perfect, a contrast to two years ago 
when many of the guests preferred to 
talk rather than to listen. 

The next day the church was crowded 
to the doors' with a different set of peo- 
ple, mostly Armenians with a few care- 
fully selected and highly favored Per- 
sian gentlemen. The Persian girls of 
the school wore their veils, the two 
Persian women teachers sat on the plat- 
form with their faces covered and the 
two Persian graduates were like draped 
statues beside their animated class- 
mates. . . . The sight of these girls 
sitting mute and motionless while their 
classmates faced that great audience 
with the freedom* and dignity of Chris- 
tian girlhood brought out most forcibly 
the difference between Christianity and 
Islam. More than one Persian gentle- 
man present felt and expressed shame 
at the situation. Two days later one 
of the Persian newspapers printed a 
very friendly account of the exercises 




and with reference to the Persian girls 
said: "Of course the customs of the 
religion must be maintained but no one 
can produce any lawful reason why the 
Persian girls should not have delivered 
their essays ; those present were much 
grieved not to have heard them." The 
fact that on a public occasion such a 
distinction was made between Christian 
and Moslem girls probably will ulti- 
mately do more for the cause of Chris- 
tian womanhood in Persia than if Mos- 
lem traditions had not forced the 
distinction upon the attention of the 
public. . . . 

To some of us the dearest memory 
of last Christmas Day is that of a little 
group of Persian Christian girls who 
came through wet, snowy streets, some 
of them a long way, to have a bit of 
Christian fellowship around an open 
fire. After tea and cakes we sang a 
Christmas hymn and then each told in a 
sentence or two why she was glad of 
Christmas Day. For some of them it 
was the first Christmas they had known 
and their faces and voices showed they 
had found the joy of the angels' mes- 
sage. The light of the Christmas Star 
is shining again in the East. 

(Miss) Annie W. Stocking. 

Iran Bethel School, 

I wish I had the pen of a ready 
writer to describe the pageant arranged 
by the Governor, to which he invited me 
and the teachers here. Of course, be- 
ing in Persia we could not take young 
lady teachers, but Mrs. Funk and Mrs. 
McMurray, the bank manager's wife, 
accompanied me. There was a special 
room prepared for us, overlooking the 
garden, in which the pupils were to 
assemble. Our American Boys' School 
marched in first. Their decoration was 
a simple epaulet with the initials A. B. 
S. embroidered in red on a blue ground. 
About forty were present. Rev. J. W. 
Hawkes and Rev. C. H. Allen repre- 
sented the faculty. Next was the Ba- 
haiee School. Persia's revolution has 
done so much to give religious freedom 
that this very sect of Moslems who, 

thirty years ago, were afraid to appear 
to be what they really were, exercised 
the privilege of falsehood their deceit- 
ful faith grants them, and called them- 
selves Christians so as to save their 
lives from danger, now appear openly. 
Their school-boys, with a banner before 
them, marched in military order to the 
time counted by a drill master, pro- 
vided by the Governor of Hamadan. 
Next came many boys from the Jewish 
Alliance School ; then one of the newest 
of the Moslem schools. The pupils 
filled the great yard of Government 
House, and there were military drills 
and calisthenics by the boys. When 
addresses were read by representatives 
from the Jewish schools the first one 
was by a grandson of Mrs. Hawkes's 
Jewish Girls' School — that is, his 
mother was first a pupil, then a teacher 
there, and was the first Jewish woman 
to confess her faith in Christ and be 
baptized openly. The young man who 
led in the Bahaiee School was also one 
of Mr. Hawkes's first pupils. 

We had tea and choice candy, and 
the pupils all had tea. There were rice 
flour cakes, on which were inscribed two 
words in Persian, "Education and Free- 
dom." Each pupil received one, and 
then they were massed in one spot 
while the Governor presented each with 
a silk flag, on which were the same two 
words. I was so very glad the Gov- 
ernor, who is pleased to call himself 
my son, because he married a school- 
girl, invited me. Among those invited, 
with the residents of Hamadan, were 
one Director of the Oriental Manufac- 
turing Company, from Toronto, Can- 
ada, and another from Paris; it was a 
joy to me to tell them of the contrast 
between the day's proceedings and what 
was possible thirty years ago; that Mr. 
Hawkes laid the foundation of all the 
school work. When his first class of 
boys graduated they were immediately 
snapped up by the Imperial Bank, and 
though we rejoice that there should be 
good business men in Persia, it is 
difficult now for us to keep any young 




men for teachers and preachers, the pu- 
pils of our Boys' School are so much in 
demand for business. It was pleasant 
to have the Governor say to us before 
all the strangers — Scotch, English, 
Russian Vice-Consul, Turkish Consul, 
French, Canadian, Greek and Jew: 
"All this we have seen to-day has been 
made possible through your work" — 
meaning the missionaries'. Another 
gentleman said, "They make a great 
show, these other schools, but it is from 
your Boys' School that the young men 
who have done solid work there have 
been chosen." 

At the Girls' School on graduation 
day over the platform was the school 
motto in green : "Ever, only, all, for 
Christ " and the girls' class motto, in 
pink: "Whatsoever Thou, 0 Lord, com- 
mandest us, we will do" So as He 
commands us to strive to gain an en- 
trance among these Moslems, and win 
their love for Christ, we will do that, as 
well as whatever else He commands. 

(Miss) Annie Montgomery. 

Hamad an. 

It is fascinating to watch the de- 
velopment of the new girls. It seems 
to me I never saw the young of any 
animal so awkward in using the facul- 
ties God has given them as these chil- 
dren of the darkness. They have never 
used their brains and even their hands 
and feet are unknown instruments. God 
created them with two hands but they 
have made of one merely a hook to hold 
the ever-present chudra in place. Their 
feet have never been used, because any- 
thing but the stateliest walk is con- 
sidered improper for a lady. If their 
physical and mental powers are dor- 
mant how much more their moral and 

spiritual. The common virtues of hon- 
esty, truthfulness, faithfulness and 
many others are sadly lacking in even 
the highest and best of them. . . . 
But it would do your heart good to 
hear some of those who have been 
awhile in the school, big and little, 
stand alone and repeat from memory 
the Ten Commandments, the Beati- 
tudes, the twenty-third Psalm and other 
portions of Scripture, learned not as 
required class work but voluntarily. 
We rewarded each of these with a post- 
card. (Miss) Mary E. Lewis. 

Fiske Seminary, 

At the Memorial School for Boys in 
Tabriz evangelistic meetings were held 
for seven successive evenings following 
the week of prayer. The leaders were 
chiefly the teachers. Interest increased 
during the week and the final meeting 
lasted till midnight with testimonies 
and prayer. Even before this differ- 
ent boys had been coming to confess 
their desire to follow Christ. In all 
sixteen boys came, of whom eleven came 
before the session of the church for 
examination and were received on pro- 
bation. . . . These conversions among 
the boys were the harvest of the faith- 
ful work of Dr. and Mrs. Wilson dur- 
ing past years. Nearly every boy when 
asked what had first led him to desire 
to follow Christ replied that it was 
talks with Mrs. Wilson and her prayers 
and tears as she pleaded with them to 
give their hearts to God. She is 
greatly needed, not only for what she 
did in mothering the boys and caring 
for them but especially for her personal 
work among them. 

(Rev.) Frederick N. Jessup. 

Miss Montgomert, after long years of effort, has succeeded in obtaining a piece of property 
which she presented to the station, and which will make a most desirable and needed addition to 
the school. Now she is at work enlarging the building, which has long been too small to meet the 
needs of the school. Mrs. Russell Sage has made this purchase possible and now has crowned her 
interest and prayers by endowing the school. 

Dr. Mary D. Allen reports that since the opening of the women's dispensary and hospital at 
Hamadan in October last, the attendance at the dispensary has been 744; outside cases 329 and 
thirteen surgical operations have been performed. 

In the entire city of Kashan, with a population of fifty thousand and as many more in the out- 
lying suburbs, there is not a single physician to care for the sick who is worthy the name of doctor. 

(Rev.) C. A. Douglas. 


"Without the Camp 



Tex miles from Tabriz, in the deep 
valley of the Aji Chai, is the village of 
Arpadara. Here lives a community of 
lepers, old and 
young, those 
with no sign of 
the disease upon 
them as well as 
others with fin- 
gers and toes 
rotted away, 
in a score of mud 
huts. Their liv- 
ing comes from 
the shah is given 
to those of their 
number who beg 

and at that time his eyes were almost 
gone. He asked us if we could give 
him glasses with which to see. The 

Sent by Mr. T. L. Kirkpatrick. 

lepers also told us 
that the bedding 
which had been 
brought out for the 
winter had been stol- 
en from them when 
a band of robbers 
raided the village. 
Several of their 
houses had fallen in, 
and they had an in- 
sufficient number of 
strong men to re- 
pairthem. Mostpa- 
thetic was the sight 
of a number of chil- 
dren showing no 
signs of the pest and 
probably not fated 
to have it could 


A GROUP OF LEPERS Sent by Mr. Thos. L. Kirkpatrick. 

along the highways, and from wheat raised 
on their small patch of stony ground. 

In order to alleviate the suffering of 
these unfortunates the missionaries in 
Tabriz have raised a fund among them- 
selves and among the Europeans of the 
city, and with this money they purchase 
supplies of various sorts and take them 
to the villagers several times each year. 

On a recent trip we found about 
eighty people there. Some were off beg- 
ging along the roads. In the village 
there was but one man who could read, 

they be taken from close contact with 
those in advanced stages of the disease. 

Soon after we arrived Mrs. Wilson 
and Miss Grove took the women aside 
and held a meeting with them, while Mr. 
Pittman talked to the men.. 

I am told that there are many lepers 
in Persia, but as yet no organized work 
is being done for them nor any serious 
effort made to see what can be done 
toward saving the children by segre- 
gation. Thos. L. Kirkpatrick. 

Thaw Memorial School for Boys, 


The Missionary and Work for Women 



(Concluded from November number.) 

About twenty of the new mission- 
aries are going out to teach — I would 
that there were two hundred. If the 
Christian young women of the United 
States could once get a glimpse of the 
opportunities there are for teachers in 
the foreign field, the ranks here at 
home would not be so overcrowded. It 
is a fascinating work. The children of 
any land, whatever may be the defects 
of their elders, are adorable. It is also 
an exacting work. The hours are long, 
the equipment meagre, the climate ener- 
vating. In many places the teacher 
must have a range of subjects as wide 
as her district, and train her assistants 
before she can get any adequate help. 
But it is wonderful to see the young 
minds unfold, the ancient superstitions 
and prejudices disappear, and to lay 
the foundations of truth and moral 
cleanness where before all was unstable 
and vile. Boarding-schools present 
still wider opportunities and still deeper 
exactions. There is no shutting up 
of books at a given hour and go- 
ing forth to freedom from care and 
responsibility. It is a responsibility 
that walks with you all da} r and haunts 
your dreams by night. Problems hith- 
erto unmet have to be faced and solved. 
But as in other work, to the young 
woman who is willing to pay the price 
of sinking her life in that of her pupils, 
and working not for the acquirement by 
them of so much arithmetic and geog- 
raphy, but for the actual conversion of 
boys and girls to Jesus Christ, the 
recompense is limitless. 

This is what makes the mission school 
different from others. In most places, 
the school must do for the child what 
the home, the church and the com- 
munity at large does for him in our own 
land. On the mission field alas ! the 
home and the community tear down al- 
most as rapidly as the school can con- 
struct. And the true teacher will not 
be content with the educational prog- 

ress of her scholar. She will reach 
down into the depths of his spiritual 
nature. This constitutes the chief ad- 
vantage of the boarding over the day- 
school. The child is isolated for a 
time from his natural environment and 
brought into close personal touch with 
Christian ideals, as worked out in a true 
home school. Well for those schools 
which can say with truth, "Every 
young man or woman graduated from 
this school has gone out a Christian." 
This is the ideal, but it is an ideal which 
will fail of accomplishment unless you 
as teachers hold it before your eyes un- 
ceasingly and refuse to allow yourselves 
to be caught in the seething maelstrom 
of routine work. It is so much easier 
to keep books, or supervise dormitories, 
or to do an} 7 of the numberless things 
which are all important and which have 
to be done, than to keep before you the 
personal touch of a saving Christ on 
every life which comes beneath your in- 
fluence. A mission school may stand 
for high moral ideals and good citizen- 
ship and pure womanhood and yet be a 
failure if it does not go beyond these. 

And the true teacher will reach out 
behind her pupil into 


If she does not, she knows that in large 
measure her work will be overthrown. 
Her daily routine may be so exacting 
that it is impossible for her to do any 
extensive visiting of this sort, but she 
will see that it gets done by somebody, 
and in vacation time will improve every 
opportunity to reach the child's mother. 
Too often one sees the evils which come 
from a disregard of this duty. The 
child, accustomed to the new atmos- 
phere of the school and the new ideals 
which it has raised in his heart, goes 
back to the home with eyes wide open 
for differences and defects. His mother 
is not like the charming foreign lady ; 
she doesn't wear pretty clothes and 
speak to him in a sweet voice. She is 



.in ignorant woman — why should he 
obey her? Too often one sees children 
who have been educated through the 
hitter sacrifices of hard-working par- 
ents, absolutely regardless of filial re- 
spect and obligations. The true teacher 
will seek to overcome this. 

There yet remains the third class of 
work which many of you will be called 
upon to do — the evangelistic. This 
work among women has fewer limita- 
tions than that already considered. A 
married woman as a rule is limited to 
her own home or the local church; the 
teacher to her school, with a possible 
visit to the homes of her pupils during 
vacation ; but the evangelist is a free 
lance, not tied to any place, nor limited 
by times and seasons. Evangelistic 
work means direct, personal contact 
with the women of a city or a district 
or a province, through the medium 
of visitation, special meetings, Bible 
classes, conferences, etc. It may in- 
clude both the home and the school, but 
as instruments of convenience rather 
than set forms of work. You may go 
witli a Biblewoman to live in a city 
where no work has ever been previously 
attempted, using the little home you 
may establish as the background of 
vour effort; or you may go to live in 
the family of a national pastor for a 
time, to stimulate him and his work and 
to do a special work among the women 
of that district. Or you may gather 
the women from a given district into 
centralized classes for special instruc- 
tion. There may come a time when a 
school will best serve your ends, so you 
will establish it, and find and train some 
national teacher to take charge of it, 
while you go on to some other need. In 
evangelistic work you will be free to use 
whatever instrument may best serve 
your purpose. 

This work is less dependent upon 
material equipment than any other 
kind, but it has its drawbacks and its 
difficulties. There is a certain vague- 
ness about it which is perhaps the rea- 
son why many people do not incline to 

it. A school is something tangible — 
you teach so many hours a day, and 
can point to definite results. But the 
evangelist sows the seed, and often 
waits long for the harvest or another 
reaps it. The evangelistic worker needs 
to be a stern taskmaster — with him- 
self ! And the suction of organized 
work is tremendous. In your first years 
3 T ou will have to fight against it, un- 
less 3 T ou expect to make it your life 
work. You have not the language, you 
cannot preach, but you can teach Eng- 
lish or music in one of the schools ; you 
accept the proposition with eagerness, 
glad to feel that you have a part, how- 
ever tiny, in the running of the great 
machine. And before you know it, you 
are caught in the grip of a centralized 
or institutional work. It is a good 
work, but it is not that work for which 
you went out. I have always been 
grateful to my Secretary for his advice 
when I first went to South America : 
"Don't allow yourself, Miss Smith, to- 
be lured away from definite evangelistic 
work." And it has cost something to 
follow it. To many people educational 
or institutional work has the same re- 
lation to evangelistic work that the 
proverbial "bird in the hand" has to the 
"two in the bush." "How is it possi- 
ble," said a good woman in Chile, "that 
Miss Smith should prefer to visit among 
these good-for-nothing women on the 
hills rather than train up the forty 
children in the Sheltering Home?" The 
forty children were tangible ; the work 
among the women vague and (to her) 
incomprehensible. So one may be 
caught in the routine of a city church 
community and prevented from doing 
the larger work among a dozen churches 
of a country district. 


It is limited only by the personal 
limitations of the woman who tries to 
do it. There is room in it for the larg- 
est consecration, tact, judgment and 
common-sense, or, in the words of the 


Bishop's little son in that delightful 
story which Miss Harris told us, "You 
will get out of it just as much as you 
put into it." * 

On the other hand, one must guard 
against the temptation to do all the 
work one's self. "If you want a thing 
well done, do it yourself" is just as' 
fundamentally true on the mission field 
as at home, but it is a maxim which you 
want to forget, and substitute for it, 
"If you want a thing done, teach some- 
one else to do it." It will be done ill; 
it will take twice as long, and it will 
demand of you ten-fold more strength 
of mind to stand by and keep your 
hands off than to have done it yourself 
three times over. But you have only 
to stop and think about it for a moment 
to realize how reasonable this is. There 
are fifteen millions of adult women in 
Latin America, and there are not more 
than fifteen women doing evangelistic 
work among them. In the city of Val- 
paraiso alone there are fifteen hills, 
each with a population of ten thousand. 
One woman could not hope to reach in a 
lifetime more than ten thousand peo- 
ple, so that the fifteen women at present 
working in Latin America might sink 
their lives in Valparaiso alone and still 
have a colossal task. There are tens 
of thousands of towns and villages in 
China, Japan, India and South Amer- 
ica where you could spend your whole 
life, and at its close you would have 
gathered together a little group of 
Christians. There are missionaries who 
work on that principle. It is a con- 
stant temptation to follow it. But 
Japan and China, India and South 
America are never going to be really 
touched by the Gospel until evangelists 
from each nation preach it to their own 
people. Therefore from the very first 
of your evangelistic work, look out for 

♦The Bishop took his little son with him to the confir- 
mation service at which he officiated. As he entered the 
church he put a half-dollar into the box for offerings at the 
door. After the service a church official said politely, "It 
is our custom to give the offering to the visiting clergy- 
man." Me unlocked the box and handed to the Bishop its 
only con'ents — bis own half-dollar. As they walked along 
the Utile boy noticed that his father seemed sad, and pres- 
ently, by way of comforting him, remarked, "Well, father, 
if you had put in more you would have got morel" 

leaders, and train them. Don't wait un- 
til you can get a half dozen ; begin with 
one if no more are available. This is 
more difficult among women than men — 
you will need to be careful in their selec- 
tion. Often the women who are most apt 
for the work are tied down by domestic 
cares. You will find women who can 
talk like the angels in heaven, but 
whose daily life, after you come to know 
it, does not substantiate their testi- 
mony. But slowly and surely, if you 
keep this goal before you, you will be 
able to gather about you a company 
of earnest women in every district who 
can do far more for their own people 
than you can ever hope to do, because 
they know them, and who can extend 
your influence over a far wider terri- 
tory than if you should work alone. It 
takes years for an Anglo-Saxon to 
learn to think in Oriental or Latin 
terms. It is eighteen years since I 
went out to South America, but I feel 
that I am only at the A-B-C of learn- 
ing how to do truly effective work. 

In going out to our fields — some of 
you to your new and untried ones, and 
the rest of us to the lands that have 
become so dear — let us keep before us 
the aim of which Dr. Speer spoke. 
Whether as wives, or teachers, doctors, 
nurses or evangelists, let us hold it 
steadily before us: MAKE JESUS 
KNOWN, personally, definitely, con- 
tinuously. Let us check up our work 
week by week by that standard, seeing 
where we have failed, and guarding 
against the fearful tendency to let 
other things intervene and supersede. 
MAKE JESUS KNOWN through all 
the radius of which my home may be 
the centre; MAKE JESUS KNOWN 
through all the channels radiating from 
my school; MAKE JESUS KNOWN 
to every woman, however ignorant or 
degraded, within the reach of that 
group of women, large or small, to 
whom I may, through the operation of 
His Spirit, be able to communicate the 
"contagion of a great enthusiasm." 

Florence E. Smith. 





Sent by Dr. Mary P. Eddy. 

War and White Plague in Syria 

There is an Arab proverb that says 
"God smites with one hand and sus- 
tains with the other." We have seen 
this Empire smitten again and again 
while at the same time God's mercy 
sustained those who trusted Him. For 
us all these ovcrturnings mean oppor- 

In these war times, as many as were 
able have "redeemed" themselves from 
military service by purchasing exemp- 
tion. Some have repeated the payment 
three times, at an expense of seventy 
Turkish pounds (about $810.80). But 
what of those who cannot pay? Our 
faithful Biblewomen who go about read- 
ing and talking to Moslem women, 
Jews and Christians, tell us of the need 
of those whose husbands and sons have 
gone to war. A Moslem young lady, 
pupil in one of our schools, hunted up 
needy cases and brought me another 
list. She said to her father: "I am 
ashamed to go alone and knock at peo- 

ple's doors to find out the needy." His 
reply was : "Later you will need to 
knock at the door of God's mercy, so 
you had better go now." For hours 
this Moslem girl and I walked in the 
heat until my arms were blistered by 
the sun, but never a word of complaint 
came from my companion. When I 
proposed a carriage in which to return 
home, she remarked : "We shall have 
more merit if we walk." 

To each family we were able to give 
only "ten pounds of flour" and five cents 
in money ; two cents for salt and three 
for baking the bread in the public oven. 
I must put on record that in all the 
calls we made, not one person asked 
more for herself, but several would say: 
"God will reward you if you will add 
to your list such and such a person." 
One or two old persons pitifully told of 
their destitution, and appealed to me 
with their suffering, and later we sent 
them a share. We who have always 




been accustomed to move about cannot 
understand these shut-in lives, who 
rarely have been outside their doors. 
Now that want has come, their hus- 
bands having died in the war, they are 
hopelessly helpless. They have never 
worked, they do not know what to do. 
They accept all as fate and by degrees 
will fade away. 

A Moslem and his family were sum- 
mering in a home belonging to a Chris- 
tian. While the owner and the Mos- 
lem were talking the daughter of the 
latter came to him and said, "My 
mother would like to drive with you in 
the carriage." The Moslem reflected a 
second and said to the child, "Yes." 
Then he turned to the Christian and 
made this statement : "I have been mar- 
ried forty-eight years and I have never 
been in a carriage with her; I con- 
sented to her request only because I 
was ashamed to refuse before you. I 
shall drive to the entrance of the next 
village and then I shall get out." 

A question may be asked : Where did 
your funds for flour come from? From 
various sources. We have been for 
three years without a regular pastor 
over our Anglo-American community ; 
those who supplied the pulpit took no 
salary, so the sum was divided among 
the wives of the pastor's committee. A 
traveler gave a small sum, our Chris- 
tian Endeavor Society and the pupils 
of the American School for Girls also 
gave a donation. But our supply is 
now exhausted. We tried in every 
place to give a message, and that is 
what I would call our special opportu- 
nity of reaching these people. The 
Moslems we found neat in their homes, 
but the Jews very untidy. 

Those women who are able to work 
earn a little money by making needle- 
work borders on veils and such little 
things. They receive only five cents a 
veil, and they make one hundred 
crocheted buttons for five cents. 

Another great opportunity is the 
Lebanon Tuberculosis Sanatorium, 
which gathers rich and poor, old and 
young, regardless of creed. At this 
time the patients are thirty-four in all, 
including three children — an orphan 
from Egypt, a little Moslem girl and 
another child of six years old. A young 
Bulgarian is from Robert College ; a 
3 r oung man brought back from Amer- 
ica, and three Greek gentlemen, one of 
whom thought eggs would cure him so 
he ate fifteen a day till he had con- 
sumed thousands, and then he stopped. 
Moslems, Jews, Armenians, Bulgarians, 
Greeks and Russians are all gathered 
under the great canopy of God's mercy 
in those beautiful pine groves. 

Kind friends are always ready to 
help us with services, and the nurses 
say that if they can only know they 
are being sustained by the prayers of 
God's people, they feel that they are 
not carrying the burden alone. 
(Mrs. F.E.) H.M. Eddy Hoshins. 


[Our readers will remember Dr. Mary Eddy's appeal a 
year ago for twenty small, screened, metal tent-houses, to 
oe given in commemoration of her twenty years of service, 
for the use of the tuberculosis patients. Perhaps they will 
also remember that we had the pleasure of announcing that 
more than the number of houses asked for were given by 
friends in this country. Dr. Eddy writes: "These new 
shelters have proved most wonderfully adapted for the 
Syrian hot climate and we cannot enough express our 
gratitnde to those friends who sent them to us. The 
double ventilated canvas roof keeps ont the sun and the 
screened sides keep out mosquitoes and flies while admit- 
ting the needful fresh air. When it rains there are canvas 
sides securely fastened to keep ont wind and storm. We 
had a fearful thunder storm in July and the tent-houses 
kept the patients safe and secure at the worst." And Dr. 
Eddy adds: "For ourselves we want more letters from 
America. I have no time to write and yet I am always so 
hungry for letters and so expectant every mail that comes " 
— Editor.] 

Did I tell you that our Alumnae Society has made up a Jubilee Fund for the school, amounting 
to two hundred dollars? At their special request it will be used either to furnish the library or a 
science classroom in the new building. We appreciate what they have done and the more especially 
since war and cholera, etc., have made times particularly hard for our dear graduates, married or 
single. It was their own idea to raise this fund, managed entirely by themselves. 

American School for Girls. (Miss) Ottora M. Home, 


I have just had a talk with an old, old woman whose time on earth is short, but who said: "I 
wish you would tell me just how to find the Saviour." In many places we hear a "going in the tops 
of the mulberry trees," and it is a time when all who love God and desire men to know Him should 
pray for Persia. (Mrs.) Loretta C. Van Hook. 




Woman's Share in Syria 

My regular work is in Sidon Semi- 
nary, with its sixty-five boarders, its 
day pupils and kindergarten. Life cen- 
ters for a large part of the year around 
the activities in that old, irregular pile 
of limestone buildings, with classes, su- 
pervising, visitors and all the details of 
a boarding school. But at different 
times one or another of us two ladies 
goes to other homes in Sidon or to a 
village outside, our horizon is enlarged 
and I hope some good is done. 

Several years ago Miss Law started 
going to Moslem homes in the city 
wherever an opening appeared, and to 
a certain extent the custom has been 
kept up of trying to hold these informal 
little gatherings on Sunday afternoons 
for reading and simple exposition. In 
some places we are eagerly welcomed 
and are listened to ; in others the utmost 
indifference prevails. 

We are not troubled much in the win- 
ter season with the sleepiness of our 
little audiences, but in the summer, 
when we are off in the villages, we have 
to be on the lookout constantly. The 
women work very hard in the summer 
as a rule, especially the village women, 
who have to prepare their winter stores. 
They have a custom of rising long be- 
fore dawn to start their weekly or fort- 
nightly baking of their loaves of bread. 
In most village homes they fatten a 
sheep to provide a rich store of fat and 
salted meat for the year's use. Four 
times in the twenty-four hours that 
unwilling animal has a prepared food 
of grains and leaves forced into its 
mouth handful by handful, the first 
feeding being long before you and I 
are up and the last late in the evening. 
If the family owns a vineyard or a few 
fig trees, then different members gather 

the white and black grapes for raisins, 
wine or 'arak. The figs are likewise 
spread out, often opened first, to dry in 
the sun, and much of this work is done 
by the women and girls. They also look 
after the making of the tomato pre- 
serve, and the "bitter herb" made from 
wild sage and sumac. Add to this the 
fact that, if she has no one to do it for 
her, the woman of the house must go 
to the fountain for all the drinking 
water, is it small wonder that when 
she sits down to hear the strange lady 
talk, she sometimes nods and has a little 
nap in the meeting? 

O how ignorant of Gospel truth the 
ordinary woman here is ! And yet amid 
all the ignorance there is often a faith 
that trusts in Christ for salvation and 
an earnest interest in spiritual things. 

In some homes most of us sit on the 
floor, cushions like little mattresses be- 
ing provided for a few. No one likes 
to be so impolite as to sit in front of 
another unless the room becomes 
crowded, so usually all are ranged 
around the wall. In some homes, of 
course, there are chairs and a kind of 
sofa, but I am thinking of the simpler 
homes in the small villages where the 
curious come and stand around the 
open door or window and only the most 
interested are willing to remove their 
shoes and come in. 

We try to present the Gospel and 
incentives to righteous living in the 
simplest form. Jesus Christ is held up 
to Moslems, Jews and Christians as the 
one divine Saviour ; controversial topics 
are, as a rule, avoided ; but if some 
woman brings up a disputed point we 
try to show her in the kindest manner 
the true and right way. 
sidon. (Miss) Charlotte H. Brown. 

The Kindergarten at Zahleh was started by the late Mrs. William Jessup, at least she raised the 
money for the building and supervised its erection. This year it was opened early in November, her 
daughter Theo undertaking to add the oversight of the young teachers to her other many responsi- 
bilities. About thirty children are enrolled and they seem so happy and contented. It was such an 
opportunity for Sunday work that I offered to superintend that part of it — so the teacher gathers in 
the children for Sunday-school, while I have a class in an adjoining room of as many women and girls 
as I can collect. It is only a beginning and it needs much working up. I suspect there is oppo- 
sition from the priests too. (Mrs. Paul) Gertrude B. Erdman. 


1913 279 

The Voice of the Third Generation 

This has been a very pleasant year. 
To be back in dear old Sidon is a great 
pleasure in itself, and especially to be 
in Sidon Seminary. My brother has 
been here in the Boys' School this year, 
and we have enjoyed such sweet and 
pleasant companionship. Last Sunday 
we rode up with Mr. Doolittle to a vil- 
lage where he conducted the morning 
service. The wife of the teacher there 
used to be our nurse when we were chil- 
dren, and it is very interesting to see 
how in her home, her table, and in the 
dress and training of her children, she 
imitates my mother. She is a lovely 
woman and her home is a centre of light 
in the little village. There were few 
women at service, as they are busy at 
this season of the year with the silk- 
worms. After church one of them 
asked me to go to her house with her 
to see the silkworms. Usually, in the 
country, the village women are not at 
all cordial about my entering their 
house at such a time, as I have blue 
eyes, which are supposed to be evil and 
bring bad luck. I asked her if she were 
not afraid of me, and she laughingly 
assured me that she was not. When I 
left her she begged me to pray that the 
crop might be good, as the success 
meant practically their means of liveli- 
hood. As we were coming home we 
heard distant thunder and saw heavy 
clouds gathered back of us on the moun- 

Of our seven house-pupils, two are my spe- 
cial little helpers, and pay for all their board 
and tuition by work. They are dear young- 
sters, and so helpful; they set tables, wash 
dishes, clean knives and take many little duties 
on themselves and are so grateful. I wish we 
could have more such children ; one of the two 
is thirteen, a plain-looking little thing and so 
very, very poor that her clothes are always 
shabby, but this month, to my great delight 
and to her infinite satisfaction, she headed the 
Honor Roll, both in lessons and conduct. Best 
of all, she is a sincere little Christian, and I 
take great comfort in her. My other little 
"helper" is only eleven, a round-faced, brown- 
eyed little Indian maid, with long braids, a 
contagious laugh and a disposition that seems 
to be proof against all the temptations of 
this life to make one cross. It is a relief when 
things are pressing and the tension is high, 
just to look into this dear little face and be 
sure that a word will bring forth usually, not 

tain. We could not be sure whether 
or not it was raining in the village 
where we had been, but I sincerely hope 
not, for the rain is what they most 
dread. The roofs are full of leaks and 

moisture kills the worms. I fear if the 
rain fell my friend will not be so cor- 
dial again nor trust so implicitly in the 
power of prayer. The day proved 
to be rather strenuous, as we were over 
seven hours on horseback, but it was 
well worth it. The joy of the people in 
being visited and in seeing someone 
outside of their little isolated village 
was very genuine and touching. The 
simple people are very dear. 
Sidon. (Miss) Dora Eddy. 

only a smile, but a happy little laugh. Dear 
little maid ! We had to send her home for the 
vacation and when she came back there was a 
quiet, patient look in the brown eyes, and for 
days the laugh seemed forgotten — she had 
been at home where there were eight mouths 
to feed and scarcely enough for two. 
Barranquilla, S. A. Martha B. Hunter. 

One who keeps in touch with our mission- 
aries not only by constant reading of all she 
finds from them in print but also of their 
manuscript letters, writes when returning some 
of these: "How full of interest they are! The 
many definite answers to prayer impress me 
wonderfully. If all Christians would pray now, 
definitely, for our Government, for our city, 
would not God bring about a great reform in 
life, in righteousness? Surely we must and will 
pray for all these things and more. This is 
our part. God will do His part — even if we 
do not know what it is, He knows." 


A Living Epistle 


Having a little Special fund from 
America to help the poor, when those 
who had been receiving help in the 
famine time were'dismissed, I gave each 
one who was likely to make use of it a 
dollar or so to buy material for spin- 
ning wool or cotton, sewing caps, etc. 
In a very few cases tools for the men 
of the family were given, and this help 
appears to have been well expended. It 
has been hard for them to understand 
that the relief was finished, but they 
now accept it, coming for extra help in 
time of sickness, when I am glad to do 
what I can. Conditions are gradually 
becoming much better, but there are al- 
ways chronic cases of poverty with us, 
which will only end with life. The re- 

lief work has made new friends and has 
certainly impressed them in favor of 

On our tours we were glad to meet 
those who had been under Miss Jewett's 
influence and retained a grateful mem- 
ory of her and her kindness to them, as 
well as of what she had taught them. 
One of the old school-girls of the 
Tabriz school we met during our stay 
in Mianduab where she lives. She ap- 
pears to be a real Christian, bringing 
up her children in the same way. She 
is a member of the Protestant church in 
Tabriz and her mother-in-law said of 
her, "I don't need to go to church, my 
daughter-in-law is my preacher !" 
Tabriz. (Miss) Grettie Y. Holliday. 


had diamonds in her hair and a silk 
scarf embroidered in gold hanging 
down her back. She wore an elabor- 
ate white silk dress and ropes of gold 
necklaces festooned all over her neck 
and breast. Her hands were covered 
with rings and her face was painted in 
spots with a kind of shiny gold paint. 
The women of the harem led her in 
M'ith her eyes half closed, set her in a 
chair at the head of the room with wo- 
men on either side to support her and 
lamps before her. It seemed so queer 
and gross and sad to me. After we 
had sat for an hour or two, we heard 
the bridegroom coming, and we all 
covered our faces. They made the 
bride stand and covered her face with 
her scarf with her hands up before her 
face. Then the door opened and the 
bridegroom came in, lifted the bride's 
veil and led her into another room. I 
came away then but the others stayed until the 
next morning. On Thursday I had nineteen Mos- 
lem callers, and there was much jabbering and 
chattering going on. I played for them on the 
organ. When I called at the bride's house the 
women were praying and we had a long discussion 
about prayer and fasting, and I told them 
something of Christ's teaching about it. 

March tenth: Our women's meetings this week 
were fine. We had twenty on Tuesday though 
it was a very rainy day and there were thirty 
on Thursday. The Thursday meeting was a 
very lively one. The Greek women took a most 
interested part. 

I called on some Moslem neighbors on Tues- 
day and found them very open-minded. They 
were awake to world questions and had lots 
of questions to ask me. Several of the women 
of the household could read. They were very 
cordial. How I long to take advantage of 
this opportunity. — From family letters of Mrs. J, 
II. Nicol, Tripoli, Syria. 

Sent by Mrs. E. M. Van Cleve. 

Mat Twenty-third: Wednesday was the 
great day of the opening of our new Boys' 
School, the crowning of two years' hard work 
and of ten years' dreams. In the morning was 
Field Day, in which the boys did well and 
looked well with their badges and flags. After 
Field Day exercises there was an opportunity 
to inspect all the buildings and people were 
loud in its praise. Then the formal exercises 
took place in the beautiful auditorium. The 
Governor and Mayor were there and there were 
many speeches. The place was full and every- 
one seemed pleased. 

At noon we had fourteen at our table, as 
all the Americans who were here except the 
school ladies, took lunch with us. In the midst 
of all the excitements on account of the open- 
ing of the school, I went to a Moslem wedding. 
When I first went in there were a lot of 
women guests gathered in the big court. The 
family or rather harem were dressing the 
bride, who fainted during the operation. She 



Miss Lila S. Halsey is back from her fur- 
lough and writes: A taste for new scenes and 
strange customs has developed in me since my 
trip home last year. I should have enjoyed 
going around through Europe, even if I could 
have seen only a little, on my return, but could 
not leave my friends in time to do it. I 
reached Japan full of the determination to 
live a less complicated life upon my return, 
and in some ways I have been successful. I 
have not taken up work with the young men 
in the church this time. Instead, I have had 
the Normal Sunday-school class, with about 
thirty of our girls who teach in the church 
Sunday-school. This has involved a Saturday 
night class, and securing occasional specialists 
for a Monday morning lecture, besides visits 
to the various schools, as far as possible. 
There were sixteen of them, but I visited only 
nine. Part of the year I have taught an Eng- 
lish Bible class of young ladies at the church. 
About half of them" are not Christians, and yet 
they are daily students of the Bible, so we 
have organized as a Question Box class, and 
that has proved very interesting. One of the 
members who has lost her father during the 
year has asked some very earnest questions 
about the life after death. 

My daily Bible class has been a source of 
great joy to me. I have taught the juniors 
in Prophecy, and was glad to see real interest 
grow in the Old Testament. We have had a 
good College Department, forty-two in attend- 
ance, and hope to push this phase of our work 
this year. 


Mrs. H. M. McCandliss writes from Hoihow, 
Hainan: We are very thankful' to have had a 
healthful summer, with no cholera, plague or 
smallpox. Last summer cholera was very bad. 
Most of the Mission have gone away on their 
vacation and got into lively surroundings, with 
shot and shell flying around them. At our last 
communion service in the leper village two men 
and two women were baptized, making thirteen 
in all. How I wish you could hear the prayers of 
our teacher there! They are so deeply spiritual, 
and such an inspiration. Just as soon as the 
building operations on the Severance building in 
the hospital are completed we hope to begin our 
new chapel in the leper village. One of our 
greatest difficulties here is to know how to help 
the people wisely. It requires the wisdom of 
Solomon, for, especially among the lepers, we do 
not want them to think they will be supported if 
they become Christians, and join the church for 
that reason, so one cannot give as one would long 
to do. 

We are longing for the completion of the new 
building — the gift of Mr. Severance — for then the 
patients can be put in their proper places and the 
compound cleaned up. Disorder and dust are 
very distressing to Dr. McCandliss's orderly 
mind, and very wearing on him. I will be glad 
when he can get away for a year's rest, for the 

building, in addition to heavy hospital work, is 
very hard. Some gentlemen called yesterday to 
see the buildings and one remarked, "Dr. 
McCandliss, you are architect, builder, preacher 
and doctor all in one." One has to be constantly 
•on the watch. This morning the doctor happened 
in where the last coat of cement was beimg put 
on, and instead of three-quarters of an inch they 
were putting it on four inches thick! 


Mrs. W. C. Dodd writes from Chieng Rai: 
You have heard the sad news that Ruth Beebe 
has left us and gone home to God. On June 
twenty-fifth the breaking day found her drifting 
quietly into "Immanuel's land," and at six 
o'clock she slipped away, leaving her husband 
broken-hearted and us a stricken little band, 
dazed, not fully realizing that the death angel 
had been here, so little are we used to his presence 
in our own homes. Hers was the first death 
among the missionaries in Chieng Rai. For two 
months Mrs. Beebe had been going down 
steadily. Dr. Cort came up from Pre, but though 
he operated she could not respond. 

We buried her in the garden, by the house she 
loved as her own home. There is no foreign 
burying ground here of any kind. Mr. Bachtell 
led a simple, sweet service, just at the usual hour 
for our English prayer-meeting. She looked 
very sweet, with white roses all about her. Our 
people sent in such quantities of flowers. We 
laid her away, hardly knowing what we did. We 
all loved her so. She just crept right into the 
hearts of all who knew her. Letters have come 
pouring in by the last mail telling how the whole 
mission mourns with us. 

Mrs. H. C. Campbell writes from Chieng Mai: 
We are so happy in our work here and the good 
Lord is blessing us to the fullest extent. Since 
January Mr. Campbell has baptized over five 
hundred persons in his out-village districts and 
the people are becoming Christians in great num- 
bers. He reports eighty-five in the past ten days, 
and many more on the point of decision. It is a 
great privilege to be among these people. I some- 
times think we are too apt to magnify our work 
to you good friends who are at the helm. We 
realize that without you all, we could do nothing, 
for it takes your money, your prayers and your 
constant support to keep us going. Certainly 
the Great Physician is blessing this malarial epi- 
demic to the good of His cause. The people 
realize that there is no help in the spirits at this 
time and are giving up the spirit worship in great 
numbers. More than three thousand persons 
have become Christians since the epidemic began, 
and we really believe this is only a beginning in 
the field. The signs of the times prove this to 
us. A few days ago I had a touch of the fever, 
but as I have been dealing out the proper medi- 
cines to other people for the past two years, I was 
in a position to know how to treat myself, thus 
relieving our tired and overworked Dr. McKean 
of one case at least. Next year we shall have 
three physicians in Chieng Mai, 

With Presbyterian Young People 


Mrs. Potter has been leading Nor- 
mal Mission Study classes at Vassar, 
Wellesley and Mount Holyoke colleges 
this fall. Fifty women who are the 
leaders of all the mission classes in 
these three colleges for this year have 
spent five weeks in earnest, enthusiastic 
work in preparation, studying, debat- 
ing and discussing ways and methods of 
making mission study the most fascin- 
ating and compelling work in college. 

Surely these girls will be given a 
chance to go on with this work of lead- 
ing classes when they come home next 
year or the year after? Could there 
not be a solution here for the reiter- 
ated, constantly repeated request for 
"leaders" in all departments of our 
church work? 

Eight hundred and fifty college 
women at a missionary meeting is 

rather an unusual sight, and yet that is 
what happened when Sherwood Eddy 
spoke at the Vassar Bible and Mission 
Study Rally this fall, and over three 
hundred of these girls have gone into 
the mission study classes for ten weeks 
of good hard work with leaders who 
have been getting ready by five weeks 
of normal mission study training. 

The leaders of the Student Volunteer 
group at Wellesley thought it might 
be possible with hard work to get forty 
girls to go to the Student Volun- 
teer Convention at Brown University. 
Ninety girls clamored to be allowed to 
go, and went. 

Forty girls came into a four weeks 
course on Comparative Religions, led 
by the Presbyterian Secretary of Student 
Work, at Barnard this fall. College 
woman are alive to the subject of 

It is an inspiration to presbyterial officers to have the young people present at the presbyterial 
meetings. The result to the young women themselves is here given by a correspondent: "One thing 
that has happened lately has been a great help and inspiration to our Guild. Two of our members 
went'to the foreign mission presbyterial meeting ten days ago, and got lots from the meeting, espe- 
cially the Young People's Hour; the best part though was meeting some girls from the W. G. of that 
place, talking things over with them and exchanging ideas. It made us all feel as if we were part 
of a big whole and much more interested in the work." 



The Little Cherubs whispered, 

"What strange, new soul is this 
Who cometh with a robe besmirched 

Unto the Place of Bliss?" 
Then spake the Eldest Angel, 

"The robe he wears is fair — 
The groping fingers of the poor 

Have held and blessed him there.'" 

The Little Cherubs whispered, 

"Who comes to be our guest 
With dust about his garment's hem 

And stains upon his breast?" 
Then spake the Eldest Angel, 

' Most lovely is the stain — 
The tears of those he comforted 

Who may not weep again." 

The Little Cherubs whispered, 

"What strange, new soul is he 
Who cometh with a burden here 

And bears it tenderly?" 
Then spake the Eldest Angel, 

"He bears his life's award — 
The burden of men's broken hearts 

To place before the Lord. 

"The dust upon his garment's hem, 

My lips shall bow to it; 
The stains upon the breast of him 

Are gems quite exquisite. 
Oh, little foolish Cherubs, 

What truth is this ye miss? — 
There comes no saint to Paradise 

Who does not come like this. " — Quoted. 



The King's Business : Chapter IV : Drilling the King 's Army 

Use Bible lesson, St. Paul's Emphasis on Edu- ■ 
cation, Eph. 4, 11-16; II Tim. 2, 2; Titus 1, 9. 

Show the impossibility of interest without 

State the function of the Department of Edu- 
cation in the women's auxiliaries. 

What part does real education play in your 
own auxiliary? Have you a Secretary of Litera- 
ture? What assistants has she? What official 
co-operation in her plans and their execution? 

Problems the department of education has to 
meet; necessity of specific study of the particular 
field; classification of the women as to charac- 
teristics, abilities, information, special personal 

Importance of co-operation of the women's 
society with the church missionary committee. 
Plan of ed ucation by different sorts of meeti ngs : 
1. Programme meeting; organization of com- 
petent committee; time necessary to prepare; 
selection of subject, material and treatment; of 
those to take part; plans to secure an audience; 
suggestions for fresh and varied programmes; 
conservation of results. 

2. Mission study class; small group or large 
class? in connection with women's auxiliary or de- 
tached groups? Quote typical classes and methods. 

3. Reading circle, using text-book and collat- 
eral reading; suggestions for general missionary 
reading courses; study methods in your own 
society of use of missionary books, are they read 
and recommended? 

4. Home department; describe its operation ; 
a stepping-stone to, not a substitute for, active 

Consider use of advertising methods, how to 
put things in attractive and telling ways. 

Use of Annual Reports, how can this be made 
attractive and not perfunctory? 

Plans for circulation and intelligent use or 
magazines, leaflets, charts, maps, posters, pic- 
tures, blackboard exercises. 

How to secure and how to use a missionary 
library; the best use of missionary letters. 

Have written answers to the question: Are 
you growing each year in knowledge and in 
prayer, gifts and service for missions? 



Readers of Woman's Work who are 
planning to use The King's Business as 
a text- book for study classes, or as the 
basis of a series of programmes, may be 
interested to hear some of the comments 
made by members of classes which have 
been actually using the book. 

"The King's Business is a mine of in- 
formation and inspiration. We cannot 
possibly exhaust its treasures in a course 
of six lessons." 

"It is the sort of book which every 
officer of a society or leader of a study 
class should have always at hand for 
reference. ' ' 

"I have always been in a missionary 
society but never knew a thing about the 
organization of the Board until I studied 
Chapter II. I am so glad to have this 
opportunity to learn." 

"As for me," said a presbyterial offi- 
cer, as the class took up the discussion of 
the relative advantages of close and loose 
federations of women's boards with the 

general Board, "I confess I had never 
read the Constitution of our Board until 
last evening. " 

"We need just this kind of study or 
our organization to make all our methods 
more effective. I think it's fine!" ex- 
claimed an enthusiastic member of a 
young people's society. 

"I feel that we have been doing almost 
nothing compared to what we might do," 
said one member, when the chapter on 
Drilling the King^s Army was under dis- 
cussion. And at the next session when 
Prayer as a Channel for Service was the 
topic before the class, one member ex- 
claimed indignantly: "We have been 
making prayer just a part of our 'open- 
ing exercises,' just something to be done 
to open the meeting, instead of realizing 
that it is the most important part of our 
service. " 

"There is so much in this book," said 
one, with almost a sigh. "Yes," replied 
another, "I have just gone through the 




book for the fourth time, marking sen- or as active members of local societies 

tences which seemed to me vitally impor- welcome the new impetus which comes 

tant, and each time I find something new from a comprehensive view of the magni- 

to underscore. " tude and importance of the missionary 

These quotations show the value of our enterprises, combined with a setting forth 

new text-book, and prove the truth of of those practical methods which we must 

the statement made in the August num- adopt if we are to make our organization 

ber of Woman's Work that The King's more perfect, our knowledge more exact, 

Business is a book for leaders of the wo- our service more effective, and ourselves 

men's work in every church. Those who more "meet for the Master's use." 

have been engaged in the work as officers Jean Eleanor James. 



■ Rev. L. J. Beebe from Chieng Rai, Laos. Address, Bellingham, Wash. 

At San Francisco, Aug. 10. — Miss Anna K. Gibbons of Japan. Address, 902 S. Florence Ave., 

Kirksville, Mo. 

At San Francisco, Aug. 10. — Miss J. M. Johnstone of Japan. Address, Orillia, Ontario, Can. 
At San Francisco, Aug. 10. — Miss Matilda H. London of Japan. 

At San Francisco, Aug. 15. — Dr. Elizabeth F. Lewis of N. China. Address, Punxsutawney, Pa. 

At San Francisco, — . — Mrs. P. W. McClintock, of Hainan. Address, 210 Spring St., 

Portland, Ore. 

At New York, Sept. 20. — Miss Blanche B. Bonine of Mexico. Address, care William Mach- 
mer, Amherst, Mass. 

From New York, Aug. 30. — Mrs. C. S. Williams, returning to South America. 
From San Francisco, Oct. 1. — Miss Eula M. Van Vranken, returning to Laos. 
From New York, Oct. 14. — Rev. and Mrs. George Scherer to join the Syria Mission. 
From New York, Oct. 18. — Rev. Dr. and Mrs. E. M. Wherry, returning to India. 
From San Francisco, Oct. 24. — Mrs. R. E. Abbey, returning to Central China. 
From San Francisco, Oct. 28. — Miss K. Arthurs and Miss Elizabeth Faries to join the S. 
China Mission. 

From San Francisco, Oct. 30. — Rev. and Mrs. Herbert E. Blair, returning to Korea. 
From New York, Nov. 1. — Miss Charlotte E. Hawes, returning to China. 

At Thomasville, Ga., October 14. — Rev. Edwin Kagin of the Korea Mission to Miss Mary F. 

At Lodiana, India, October 21. — Rev. Charles H. Rice to Miss Mary E. Compton, both of the 
India Mission. 

Rev. and Mrs. James S. Cunningham of the West Africa Mission, Appointed 1901. 



At General Assembly, last May, one of the 
resolutions introduced was as follows: "That 
our pastors and sessions be requested to see 
to it that our excellent little paper, Over Sea 
and Land, be found in every home where there 
are children, so that early in life they may be- 
come interested in mission work." It is the 
women of the Church who can carry out this 
recommendation — to "see to it" that the maga- 
zine is placed in every home where there are 
children. This is the Only mission magazine 
for Presbyterian young people — no other can 
t;ike its place, because Over Sea and Land 
tells about all the work of the Presbyterian 
schools and missions, in which our children 
should take pride as well as develop an inter- 
est in giving a helping hand. Secretaries of 
literature are requested to remember that the 
cin ulation of the magazine relies upon their 

efforts and upon the efforts of other members 
of their societies. Samples and advice free, 
Room 1113, 156 Fifth Ave., New York. 


What is the origin of the Christmas tree? 
What legends and historical facts are back of it? 
Has the Christmas tree any spiritual significance? 
Is the Christmas tree used in non-Christian lands? 
These and other interesting questions are an- 
swered in the Christmas programme offered by the 
Foreign l 1 this year, entitled The World's 
Christmas Its presentation in your Sunday 

schools wi ->ish an occasion of spiritual and 
education;. fue. Mite-boxes for the Foreign 
Mission off* ^ng are furnished in an attractive 
design, and these supplies are free of charge 
provided the Christmas offering of the Sunday- 
school is sent to foreign missions through our 
Board. Send all orders to Rev. George H. Trull, 
Sunday-school Secretary, 156 Fifth Avenue, New 
York City. 



The Women's Synodical Society of Michigan 
had a splendid fall gathering in Grand Rapids, 
October second, rejoicing to welcome Mrs. A. L, 
Berry, the new president of the Northwest Board, 
as their chief speaker and honored guest. A gain 
of forty-eight study classes was reported, and of 
eight Westminster Guild Chapters, also an in- 
crease of 153 in magazine subscriptons and of 
more than three thousand five hundred dollars in 

The December Everyland presents a Christmas 
missionary entertainment for children entitled 
Inasmuch which fits in well with the new children's 

book, Crusaders in Turkey. The entertainment 
is based on the idea of the children's crusade and 
presents the nations in symbolic form seeking the 
home of the Christ-child. It is simple, direct, 
full of action, and adapted to children's interest. 

In order to keep their interest up to date every 
member of Westminster Guild should read the 
Bulletin. It is full of interest and information. 
The price is fifteen cents a year for three issues 
and because every member does not care to pay 
even that small sum, we have devised the plan of 
forming into groups of three, each paying five 

A correspondent says: "I was again disappointed at our presbyterial meeting to learn that ours is 
the only Chapter of Westminster Guild in all this Presbytery. It seems to me there are so many 
people who balk at anything like study, life to them seems to be a thing of mere enjoyment and 
they do not feel inclined to assume any deeper responsibility." 


From Philadelphia 

Send all letters to 501 Witherspoon Building, Direct- 
ors' meeting first Tuesday of each month at 10:30. 
Prayer-meeting, third Tuesday at 11. Visitors welcome 
at both meetings. 

Prayer-meeting December sixteenth. Topics: 
Our Mission Study Glasses, Syria, Persia. 

A flying call from Dr. and Mrs. E. M. 
Wherry on their way back to India made us 
eagerly wish for more time with these strong, 
young missionaries of forty-six years in the 

Prayer-meeting October twenty-first was 
"wonderful" in that it brought Rev. Dr. Rodg- 
•ers of the Philippines, Miss Bonine from 
Mexico and Mrs. B. W. Labaree, always of 
Persia. So clearly did Dr. Rodgers present 
the Philippine situation with its Christian unity 
in missionary effort and the beneficent strong 
hand of our Government that we could see 
the possibility of compassing, in our own life- 
time, those islands with Christian influences 
and teachers. Miss Bonine, driven from 
Aguascalientes by the contending armies at 
her door, made vivid the needs of Mexico in 
these days of peril and the sure hope of a 
new and better future. Her unwelcome vaca- 
tion is to be utilized in studying agriculture 
for the benefit of her ignorant pupils. Mrs. 
Labaree prophetically showed that our immi- 
grant population would prove a menace or a 
blessing largely as influenced or not by mis- 
sions in their own land before coming here. 
Never were Home and Foreign missions pre- 
sented as more absolutely interdependent . 

The Louise Y. Boyd Hospital for Women, 
at Tsinanfu, China, needs a second medical 
woman to assist Dr. Caroline Merwin. The 
additional money for the support and sending 
out of this doctor is pledged 1 daughter 
of Mrs. Louise Y. Boyd, of wh the hospi- 
tal is a memorial. The hospitp' closed for 
several years for lack of healt. J help for 
Dr. Merwin. Last year it was rf pened April 
seventeenth with eighteen patients, the number 
increasing to sixty-seven in three months and 
crowding the waiting room. Tsinanfu is the 
capital of the Shantung Province, three hun- 
dred miles south of Peking; with its Union 
Medical College, and men's hospital connected 

with the Shantung Christian University, it 
offers unusual opportunity for Christian medi- 
cal work. 

The China Council asks for a teacher with 
experience to take charge of a school for mis- 
sionaries' children, with grades from elementary 
to high school courses. A contract to be made 
for three years, with a salary of six hundred 
dollars and travel expenses paid both ways. 
An appointment from the Presbyterian Board 
of Foreign Missions required. If reappointed 
at the end of three years, a six months' fur- 
lough with salary would be granted. Mrs. C 
E. Morris, 501 Witherspoon, will correspond 
with any one considering the position. 

Miss Mary W. Kerr has been appointed 
Secretary for Special Work to fill Miss 
Schultz's unexpired term. 

Leaflets for the Month: /* Old Persia Ready 
for a New Birth? 5 cts. ; The New Woman in 
Persia, 2 cts.; Hospitals in Persia, 3 cts.; all 
new. Wonder Stories from Persia, Syria, each 
3 cts.; The New Persia, 75th Anniversary 
series; Sanatorium at Maamaltain; Dr. Samuel 
Jessup, each 2 cts. Posters: Syria Stations, 
set, 20 cts. 

New Leaflets: The Upside-Down Children 
(Persia), Rev. R. M. Labaree, 2 cts., 20 cts. 
per doz. ; A Devotional Service for the Thank 
Offering Festival, 1 ct., 10 cts. per doz.; Con- 
ference on Missions in Latin America, 20 cts.; 
Testing of a Mission, 2 cts. 

SS^Do not send orders for leaflets, Year-Books or other 
literature to Woman's Work but to your own Headquarters. 

From Chicago 

Meetings at Room 48, 509 South Wabash Avenue, 
every Friday at ten A. M. Visitors welcome. 
The return of Mrs. Albert L. Berry to the 
presidency of the Board of the Northwest 
gave a thrill of satisfaction and a new hope 
to the members of the Board and to the con- 
stituency. No member of our Board is held 
ii. higher esteem, Mrs. Berry being a natural 
leader, tactful and resourceful, with a mind 
ready, clear and judicial. She is full of sym- 
pathy, as well as fearless where duty calls. 
Our offices are filled by earnest, capable, con- 
secrated and influential women, and we hope 
for great things to be accomplished. 




Now that every one is home again and 
rested after the summer outings, we hope that 
no time may he lost in any society in starting 
aggressive work. 

The China campaign is upon us and needs 
active work. We want to raise over fifty 
thousand dollars extra for China before the 
end of 1915. That means twenty-five thou- 
sand dollars before March first, 1914, and 
that means begin to-day and work steadily 
throughout the year. Be vigilant, and let no 
opportunity escape. The Finance Committee 
will probably have some plans to offer in the 
next issue — watch for them. 

Among the most helpful words heard here 
during the autumn were those of Rev. Geo. S. 
and Mrs. McCune of Syen Chyun, Korea, who 
showed the desire for education there to be 
almost a? great as the need; also told of the 
great faith of those who endured persecution 
and of immediate answers to prayer on their 
behalf. Mrs. McCune acknowledged gratefully 
the receipt of letters from various parts of 
America expressing interest in the self-help 
department of the Woman's School, and drew 
from the depths of her own heart reasons why 
Korean girls should be helped to help educate 

The spirit of prayer has been unusually 
manifest in the Friday morning meetings of 
late. Said one of the most regular attend- 
ants: "I cannot go alone in the evenings, so 
this is my mid-week meeting." Among guests 
from a distance who have helped have been 
Mrs. J. S. Oliver of Los Angeles; Mrs. G. W. 
Rhoads, President of Mattoon Presbyterial So- 
ciety, and Mrs. H. R. Turner, Mission Study 
Secretary of North Dakota Synodical Society. 
The genial president of Fargo Presbyterial So- 
ciety, Mrs. Geo. F. Clark, also left some very 
cheerful memories in the mission room. 

The fund promised for the China Propa- 
ganda is the synodical extra for this year and 
next. Our pledge for this work was seventy- 
five thousand dollars, to be raised in three years. 
One year has passed, and we should raise at 
least thirty thousand extra this year, before 
March first. 

Leaflets: Syria. — Blind Ilohannes on Tith- 
ing; Dr. Samuel Jessup; Sanatorium at Maa- 
rnaltain; Why Zaraphee Changed Her Mind; 
Syria, The Land of the Veiled' Problems, each, 
2 cts. Picture Posters: 1. American Press, 
Beirut College. 2. Dr. Eddy's Hospital and 
Sanatorium. 3. Beulah Home, Asfuriyeh Hos- 
pital. 4. Syrian Churches, 5 cts. per set. 
Persia. — Tt Old Persia Heady for a New Birth? 
5 cts.; The New Woman in Persia, 2 cts. 

&?T"Da not send orders for leaflets, Year-Books or other 
literature to Woman's Work but to your own Headquarters. 

From New York 

Prayer-meetinc at 150 Fifth Ave., cor. 20th St., the firs', 
Wednesday of each month, at 10.80 a. m. Bacb Other 
Wednesday there is a half-hour meeting for prayer ai.,d 
reading of missionary letters,commencing at same hour. 

Miss Marie Gaijtiiey of Sangli, India, vis 
home on her first furlough. 

At the Board meeting she spoke of the hope- 
ful work among the children and how their 

singing Christian hymns at their work and play 
carried the message to many whom the mis- 
sionary could not reach. She told of a boy 
Christian who started a school in one of the 
villages. He asked her to visit them and when 
she could not, he brought the school many miles 
to see her. 

Mrs. Maus, wife of Col. Maus of Governor's 
Island, told of her sojourn in Manila and gave 
a humorous account of Mrs. Rodgers persuad- 
ing her to sing at a meeting in one of the 
worst localities of the city. 

She paid a high tribute to missionaries, say- 
ing that criticisms always proved untrue when 
investigated. They did the best that could be 
done under the circumstances. 

Dr. White began the story of his nine 
month's trip to the Orient. In India he at- 
tended a C. E. convention of over a thousand. 
He was impressed by the absolute receptivity 
of the people. He was in China on that un- 
forgetable day when the whole world was called 
together for prayer by a non-Christian presi- 
dent. Going from India to China was like go- 
ing from clouds into sunshine. 

Binghamton Presbytery mourns the loss of 
Mrs. Edward P. McKinney. For fourteen 
years she was president of the presbyterial 
society and devoted much thought and time to 
its work. She was also prominent in social 
and civic activities. Now she rests from her 
labors and her works do follow her. 

A new society has been organized in Howard, 
Steuben Presbytery. A missionary society is now 
in every church in that presbytery. 

During the summer Mrs. Anderson assisted 
in the formation of a new Y. P. S. C. E. at 
Stapleton, Staten Island — a society most re- 
markable because of the number of young men 

Mrs. Montgomery and Mrs. Peabody are 
expecting to make a tour around the world. 
They have asked for letters of introduction to 
our missionaries. Mrs. Montgomery is to 
write a book for the United Study of Missions 
series. Because of their short stay they will 
be able only to visit mission stations on the 
coasts and in principal cities. 

The Secretary for Specific Work will be at 
Room 818 on Wednesday mornings at ten 
o'clock. She will be glad to meet at that time 
any who wish a personal interview in regard to 
special objects. 

We are glad to say that Miss Marcia Kerr 
of Brooklyn has consented to take the place 
of Secretary for Mission Bands, Junior and 
Int. C. E. Societies which Miss Waters has 
been obliged to resign. The latter does not 
leave the work, as she now becomes Assistant 
Secretary. Miss Kerr has a brother, Rev. Wm. 
Kerr, in Chai Ryung, Korea. 

Leaflets on Persia and Syria: 7s Old Persia 
Rewdy for a New Birth? 5 cts.; The New 
Woman in Persia, 2 cts.; Glimpses of our 
Work in Syria; The Land of Veiled Pr 'hlems; 
Dr. Samuel Jessup, each 2 cts. 

K^"Do not send orders for leaflets, Year-Books t jther 
literature to Woman'b Wokk but to your own Deadqii irters. 




From St. Louis 

Meetings first and third Tuesdays of each month at 
10 a.m., Room 708, 816 Olive St., St. Louis, Mo. 
Missionary literature for sale at above number. Visitors 
always cordially welcome. 

Word has been received from New Mexico 
that Miss Vaughn has had untold influence 
over the people whom she has addressed and 
several have expressed their heartfelt gratitude 
that they have had the privilege of hearing 

The extension department shows encourag- 
ing additions and a gratifying call for books 
and helps to be used in study classes and 

Those members of the Board who have been 
traveling in the field, bring or send glowing 
reports of classes and societies formed, en- 
thusiastic, sincere work and study being done, 
and above all, an unusually marked spirit of 
harmony prevailing. 

Great cause for rejoicing was given by the 
receipt of a check for eight hundred dollars 
from one woman, who had made that amount 
from raising pigs, starting with one pig several 
years ago. One hundred dollars of this sum 
was designated as being for the China Fund, 
the rest to be disposed of at the discretion of 
the Board. 

t^"Do not send orders for leaflets, Year-Books or other 
literature to Woman's Work but to your own Headquarters. 

From San Francisco 

920 Sacramento St. Meetings 10.30 and 1.30 every 
first Monday of each month. Executive meeting every 
third Monday. Prayer-service first and third Monday, 
from 12 till 18.30. 

Our president, Mrs. Pinney, is visiting pres- 
byteries in Utah and Arizona. Mrs. J. G. 
Chown conducted the October meeting. 

Mrs. Paul Raymond was with us, and has 
come to stay. Our societies will remember that 
she prepared our new text-book, The King's 
Business. They will love the book the better 
that Mrs. Raymond will belong to the Occi- 
dental Board. A glad welcome awaits her. 

Miss Cameron is detained from taking her 
vacation; a difficult rescue case is before the 
courts and the decision is postponed from week 
to week. 

Mrs. Sturge read letters from Mrs. Wambold 
of Korea and others. 

A large number of missionaries sailed on 
October first for the Orient, and we went to 
see them off. It was on one of California's 
hottest days. A journey to the wharf in the 
broiling sun was distressing, as there is no 
street-car line or conveyance of any kind to 
take travelers to the ship. The walk of about 
a quarter of a mile must be endured, almost 
no sidewalks, no shade, and no guide to the 
steamer. Two ships were there, the Tenyo 
Maru, just in, and the Mongolian, to go out. 
Which was which was difficult to determine, as 
only the smoke-stack of each was visible be- 
hind the piers. Some of the missionaries may 
have ne-ded another furlough after such fa- 
tig" - We offer them our sympathy, which 
win ach them, as Woman's Work is sent 
mont. y to them all.. 

Miss Isabel, just graduated from 
Mount Holyoke, is appointed Field Secretary 
among Presbyterian women students and also 
of the Westminster Guild. She will in this 
way aid the churches while enlisting college 
students in Christian work. 

It is a regrettable fact that in some portions 
of China Chinese Mullahs are at work. It is 
fraught with danger, that they give an im- 
portant place to the Scriptures, holding Jesus 
to have been an apostle, who "declared the 
coming of another Mahomet." The whole the- 
ory of Islam is that it is the latest sent of all 
religions; that Jesus was merely a preacher 
of the coming of Mahomet. This is a question 
that our missionaries will contend with; to 
present Christ as the Son of God, and the real 
revelation of God from the beginning to the 

Leaflets: Topic, Moslem Lands, Persia and 
Syria. Heroes have for many years been at 
work in these lands — Dr. A. Grant and Fidelia 
Fiske in the early years in Persia. Tracts on 
Home Life, Schools, Colleges, and Hospitals, 
with a Sketch by Louise W. Shedd, and The 
New Persia, may be had. 

Syria presents the life of Dr. Van Dyck, a 
Hero; Schools and Colleges; Home Life; Hos- 
pitals; Notable Syrian Missionaries; The Neic 
Turkey; Under the New Sultan; Wonder 

(@P™Do not send orders for leaflets, Year Books or other 
literature to Woman's Work but to your own Headquarters. 

[In the San Francisco Notes in our September 
number Immanuel Church of Los Angeles, Cal., 
was credited with nine missionaries on the foreign 
field. A correspondent in Pasadena, Cal., writes 
to tell us that two of those mentioned, Mrs. Louise 
W. Shedd and Mrs. Laura M. Johnson, have for 
years been entirely supported by the Pasadena 
Presbyterian Church. They are mentioned on the 
folder of the Los Angeles Church as members on 
the foreign field, but not as missionaries under the 
care of Immanuel Church. Both of these churches 
are interested to have the matter of their relation 
to these missionaries clearly understood. — Ed.] 

From Portland, Oregon 

Executive meeting at 10 A. M. on first Tuesday each 
month and popular meeting on third Tuesday at 2.30 p. 
m. in First Church. Literature obtained from Mirfs 
Abby S. Lambereon, 454 Alder St., Portland. 
We met for our third Tuesday meeting on 
the afternoon of October twenty-first. Our 
room was filled to overflowing, for it was an 
occasion of double interest: Mrs. Paul McClin- 
tock of Nodoa, Hainan, China, was with us to 
tell of matters of interest in her field, and 
Mrs. and Dr. W. S. Holt were present for the 
last time before taking their leave for Phila- 
delphia, where Dr. Holt goes to be associate 
secretary in raising the ten million dollar fund 
for ministerial relief and sustentation. 

It was a sad event to part with these dear 
workers, who have labored over twenty-eight 
years in the Northwest. To us who are here 
it seems as though nowhere can their services 
be so much needed as in this territory. 

It was in their home that the North Pacific 
Board was thought into being. They founded 




the Chinese Mission in Portland and their work 
among these people has been signally blessed. 
Many who have returned to China have gone 
as Christian men. They leave the Holt Chinese 
Presbyterian Church, organized last summer by 
the authority of the Portland Presbytery, and 
these Christians and all Chinese in the city 
are feeling keenly the loss of Dr. and Mrs. 
Holt. No others can talk to them in their 
language. They have been their counsellors 
and helpers ever since their return from mis- 
sionary work in China, where they labored 
twelve years, only returning on account of 
Dr. Holt's broken health. The past few years 
he has visited up and down our Pacific Coast 
states in the interests of Home Missions, and 
Mrs. Holt has done heroic work in rescuing 
Chinese slave girls and performing the duties 
of various offices of our Hoard. The leader 
of the meeting commended her with the words 

of Ruth 2:12: "The Lord recompense thy 
work, and a full reward be given thee of the 
Lord God of Israel, under whose wings thou 
art come to trust." 

Mrs. McCi.ixtock told of the superstition 
and darkness of Chinese heathenism, and how 
they do need the Christian religion, their own 
not being "good enough for them, nor for us." 
She strongly pointed out that now is the time 
to give them our Christian schools as they are 
glad, whether Christians or not, to send their 
children to these schools now, but that in ten 
or fifteen years they will have money enough, 
and educated Chinese enough to establish their 
own Government schools, which they are intent 
upon doing, and then they will not care for 

New Literature: Send a stamp for The 
Present China, of China series, No. 4. 

Do not send orders for leaflets, Year-books or other literature to Woman's Work but to your own Headquarters. 


By totals from Presbyterial Societies. 

The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the Presbyterian Church 










161 00 




10 30 













New Brunswick, 



1,036 14 

New Castle, 




New Hope, 














French Broad, 






Philadelphia. N., 

















West Jersey, 





Receipts from Sept. 15th to Oct. 15th, 
Regular, $8,462.68 
New China Fund. 5,847.09 
Total receipts since March 15th, 

Regular, $50,896.12 
New China Fund. 15,855.38 
Special Gifts to Missionaries, 

(Miss) Sarah W. Cattell 
501 Witherspoon Building, Phi 

Woman's Presbyterian Board of Missions of the Northwest 








Grand Rapids, 


Monroe. $18.00 Rushvillk, 






Mouse River, 13.10 Saginaw, 






Muncie, 173.82 Sheridan, 






New Albany, 83.75 Sioux City, 


Cedar Rapids, 




Omaha, 104.25 Springfield, 


Central Darota, 




Ottawa, 263.00 Winnebago, 




Iowa Citt, 


Pembina, 74.00 Winona, 






Peoria, 384.00 Yellowstone, 


Des Moines, 


La Crosse, 


Petoskey, 21.00 Miscellaneous, 



626 75 







Total for month, (including New 
China Fund, $781.66) 









Total from March 15th, (including 


Fort Dodge 




New China Fund. $13,335.41) 





Mrs. Thos. E. D. Bradley, 






Room 48, 509 South Wabash Ave., Chicago. 

Women's Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church 




Long Island, 




















New York, 

















138 00 

Jersey City 











Receipts from Sept. 15th to October 15th, 

New China Fund, 
Total since March 15th, 

New China Fund, 




50,000 00 $94,467.49 
(Miss) Henrietta W. Hubbard, Treas., 
Room 818, 156 Fifth Ave., New York. 

Woman's Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions of the Southwest 








Pecos Valley, 
Rio Grande, 
Santa Fe, 




Total for month, $965.28 
Total to date. 12,639.76 
china Campaign Fund for Oct., $163.35 
" " to date, 1,897.40 

Mrs. Wm. Burg, lYtas.. 
7C8, 816 O ive St., St. Louis, Mo.